9' +uf, lu6l ef/ t k7fpg sxff sxff km'6fofb} 5 kxf8 <

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1 { ;ft} k b]zaf6 k sflzt klxnf] /fli6«o b}lgs d+unaf/ (8 June 2021, Tuesday) g]kfn ;+jt\!!$! jif{!% c+s %^ k[i7 * d"no?= % 9' +uf, lu6l ef/ t k7fpg sxf sxf km'6fob} 5 kxf8 < zlif{ -^ j6f vfgl_ k/z'/fd gu/kflnsf # / $ l:yt dfs'{, rfsl, tf]l8gf, s6fn l;dn6f, uf]ug 8f8f], ;n'g 8f8f] 5ltjg -^ j6f vfgl_ hf] /fon ufpkflnsf # / $ l:yt?j;sf8f 8f8f ;xf/ ] -^ j6f vfgl_ u'ef{sf]6 gu/kflnsf ( l:yt dflynnf] efn'vf]nf / ayfg 8f8f 88]Nw'/f od ad gof klqsf 8f]6L wgjfª -!) j6f vfgl_ sk'/sf]6 ufpkflnsf $ l:yt y/sf]6 n]s / nfld8f8f gbl bf]xg /f]sg / r'/ ] ;+/If0fsf] bl3{sfnlg gllt agfpg ;j{;fwf/0fsf] cfu x, ;+;blo ;ldltsf] lgb] {zg / ;jf]{rr cbfntn] lbpsf] cfb]z a]jf:tf ub} { ;/sf/n] dxfef/t kxf8 ptvgg ug] { gllt NofPsf] 5. k"j{ df] / ªb]lv klzrd 88]Nw'/f;Dd!$ lhnnfsf 7fpsf kxf8 ptvgg u/ ]/ 9'+uf, lu6l / afn'jf ef/t lgof{t ug] { ;/sf/l gllt 5. ;/sf/n] clxn] ah]6dfkm{t ;fj{hlgs u/ ]sf] glltn] r'/ ] / t/fo{df km/s gkg]{ bfal bf]xf] ofo/x]sf] 5. t/, ef/t / a+unfb]z;dd lgof{t ug] { u/l 7fpdf ptvgg ubf{ To;n] kxf8, r'/ ] / t/fo{df ljgfz Nofpg] egb} ;/f]sf/jfnfx lrlgtt 5g\. ;/sf/sf] lgb] {zgcg';f/ vfgl tyf e"ue{ ljefun] df] / ª, wgs'6f, pbok'/, l;gw'nl, nlntk'/, dsjfgk'/, lrtjg, c3f{vfrl, kfnkf, Ko'7fg, ;Nofg, ;'v]{t, 8f]6L / 88]Nw'/fsf ljlegg kxf8af6 9' +uf, lu6l ptvgg ug] { 6' +uf] nufpsf] xf]. o:tf kxf8 vg] / 9' +uf, lu6l / afn'jf lgsf;l ug] { / Jofkf/ 3f6f 36fpg] ;/sf/l of]hgf 5. ;jf{]rr ;fpg )^& df lgof{t /f]sg, qm;/ pbf]unfo{ dfkb08leq Nofpg tyf 9' +uf, lu6l / afn'jfaf/ ] /fli6«o gllt agfpg cfb]z lbpsf] lyof]. To;sf] rf/ jif{kl5 ;fpg )&! df dfq o:tf lgof{tdf ;/sf/n] /f]s nufpsf] lyof]. t/, 3/ ]n' lgdf{0fsf nflu cfjzos kbfy{sf nflu ptvggsf] ljifodf /fli6«o gllt agfpg'sf] ; f ;/sf/n] kxf8 kmf] /]/ 9' +uf, lu6l ef/t tyf a+unfb]z lgof{t ug]{ gllt NofPsf] 5. of] ;ft jif{df cf}krfl/s kdf lgsf;l gep klg gbl bf]xg tlj 5. k s[lt / dfgjhljgdfly v]naf8 gug{ / ptvggnfo{ lgodg ug{ ;j{q cfjfh pl7/x]sf] j]nf ;/sf/n] kxf8 vg] / 9' +uf, lu6l / afn'jf lgof{t ug] { gllt ;fj{hlgs u/ ]sf] xf]. ;/sf/n] 9'+uf, lu6l, afn'jf lgsf;lsf nflu klxn]b]lv g} tof/l ub} { cfpsf] df qmdzm ;'v]{t 7f8f -^ j6f 8f8f_ zltu+uf gu/kflnsf # sf ljlegg 8f8f ;Nofg d:ofd c3f{vfrl -* j6f vfgl_ ltgfp ufpkflnsf % / ( l:yt d/fªsf]6 / hlgtn'x'ª 8f8f Ko'7fg kfnkf bf/ ]rf]s 8f8fsf 8f8f sf6] kl5 kxf8df klx/f]n], t/fo{df af9ln] ljgfz Nofp5 8f= ljhos'df/ l;+x, k"j{;b:o /fi6«klt r'/ ] t/fo{ dw] ; ;+/If0f ljsf; ;ldlt lt/fd -^ j6f vfgl_ ;?df/fgl ufpkflnsf ^ l:yt ;?df/fgl n]s -& j6f vfgl_ OR5fsfdgf ufpkflnsf $ l:yt s'l/gleqf e};] lrtjg dsjfgk'/ rf}3/ ] -% j6f vfgl_ eldk]mbl ufpkflnsf! l:yt ls;] /L, ;fg'6f/, gof ufp, ls6]gl, a'ª\bn -^ j6f vfgl_ sf]ghf] :of]d ufpkflnsf! l:yt rf}3/ ] 8f8f nlntk'/ l;gw'nl lgsf;l /f]sg ;j{;fwf/0fsf] cfu x, ;+;blo ;ldltsf] lgb] {zg / ;jf] {Rr cbfntsf] cfb]z a] jf: tf ub} { 9'+uf, lu6l, afn'jf ef/ t lgof{t ug{ ;/ sf/ cft'/!$ lhnnfsf 7fpdf kxf8 etsfpbf kfglsf] d'xfg ;'Sg], h+un dfl;g] / e":vng x'g] dfq xf]og, af9ln] r'/ ] / t/fo{df If]qdf ;d]t ljgfz lgdtofpg] egb} ;/f]sf/jfnfx lrlgtt hfnkflrnfpg] -% j6f vfgl_ lqo'uf gu/kflnsf!^ l:yt l;/jfgl, ;'sf}/f 8f8f tlgsgof / /fglr'/l -$ j6f vfgl_ uf]n~hf] / ufpkflnsf $ l:yt tlgsgof / sdnfdfo{ l:yt /fglr'/lsf 8f8f pbok'/ wgs'6f klxnf] s'/f t ;/sf/n] r'/ ]af6 ptvgg x'b}g elg/x]sf] 5, vf;df of] vfglaf6 9'+uf, lu6l, afn'jf lgsf;l ug{] ] /0fgLlt xf]. cy{dgqlsf] u[x k b]z n'ldagln] l;4afaf kxf8sf] 8f8f] sf6\g] k :tfj t ;+3df k7fpsf] 5. l;4afaf t r'/ ]df k5{. ;fj{hlgs epsf] of] ljifo ;frf] xf]og eg] ;/sf/n] egg ;Sg'k of]. r'/ ]df xf]og, dxfef/t kxf8af6 9'+uf, lu6l lgsfng] eg] / ;/sf/n] bf]xf] ofo/x]sf] 5. ;/sf/sf] of] bfalnfo{ dfgg] xf] eg] klg dxfef/t z[+vnfsf kxf8 vgg yfn]kl5 9'+uf, df6f] t gbld} au5. lxdfnaf6 cfpsf x'g\ ls kxf8af6, gbl t dxfef/t / r'/ ] x'b} t/fo{tkm{ hfg] x'g\. 8f8fsf 8f8f sf6]kl5 kxf8sf] lu6l, df6f] t au] / gbldf hfg] xf]. Jofkf/ 3f6f 36fpg] u/l slt 9'+uf, lu6l lgsf;l ug'{knf{, To;sf] kl/df0f clxn] snkgf ug{ klg ufx f] 5. o;n] t :jfefljs kdf klx/f] a9fp5. klx/f] au] / vf]nfd} hfg] xf]. lu6l, afn'jf / df6f] af]s] / vf]nf / gblx aug yfn]kl5 To;n] kxf8, r'/ ] / t/fo{df s:tf] ljgfz Nofpnf < Tof] snkgf ug{ klg eofjx nfu5. dxfef/t / r'/ ] cnu cnu xf]ogg\. r'/ ]s} l;/fgldf dxfef/t 5. l;/fgdf bf]xg ubf{ t tnnf] efudf :jtm c;/ u5{ lg. r'/ ] s;/l c5'tf] x'g5 < clg dxfef/t kxf8df h:tf] ljgfz u/ ] klg x'g5. To;/L kxf8 etsfpbf t Toxf klg kfglsf d"n ;'S5g\, h+un dfl;g5, e":vng x'g5 / vf]nf clgolgqt x'g5. clg t/fo{sf] xfnt s] x'g5 < clxn] g} k sf t/fo{sf lhnnf hfg'xf] ;\, kfglsf] ;d:of s:tf] 5. of] ;a gbl, r'/ ] bf]xgn] epsf] xf]. ca dxfef/t bf]xg epkl5 klg of] ;d:of eofgs x'g5. To;}n] r'/ ] jf dxfef/t bf]xgsf] xfdln] lj/f]w ug'{k5{. df]/ ª e]8]6f/ / dxfef/t j6f vfgl_ ;fu'/lu9l ufpkflnsf ^ / * l:yt ;fu'/] 8f8f / /gkmg] 8f8f ef]u6]gl / l;+xb]jl -% j6f vfgl_ n]6fª gu/kflnsf! l:yt uf]lkgl eghofª / s] /faf/l l:yt aql; h'/ ] 8f8f ;fpgb]lv ;]gf o'4s]lgb t ;+/rgfdf ;z:q ågåsf] j]nf h:t} rf/j6} ;'/Iff lgsfosf] o'lgkmfo8 sdfg8 / k wfgdgqldftxt /xg] PsLs[t OG6]lnh]G; ;+ogq agfpg k :tfj kz'{/fd sfkm\n] gof klqsf ;]gfn] o'4s]lgb t x'g] u/l ;f+u7lgs k'g;+{/rgf u/ ]sf] 5. cfufdl ;fpgb]lv gof ;+/rgf nfu' x'g]5. ;z:q ågåsf] j]nf h:t} rf/j6} ;'/Iff lgsfosf] o'lgkmfo8 sdfg8 / k wfgdgqldftxt /xg] PsLs[t OG6]lnh]G; ;+ogq agfpg ;]gfsf] k :tfj 5. gof ;+/rgfdf clxn] /x]sf cf7 k[tgf vf/ ]h u/ ] / gbl k 0ffnLdf cfwfl/t rf/j6f s]gb Lo sdfg8 agfpsf] 5. tldftxt o'4s aflxgl tyf o'4s u0f /xg]5g\. cf7 k[tgfsf] ;+/rgf k zf;lgs k s[ltsf] /x]sf] egb} o'4sfnlg ;+/rgf tof/ u/ ]sf] xf]. sg{/ lss /lj ld> k wfg;]gfklt k"0f{rgb yfkfn] sfo{sfn ;Dxfn]sf] Ps xhf/ lbgsf cj;/df cfotaf/ ;fj{hlgs b:tfa]hcg';f/ rf/j6} sdfg8sf ;]gfklt to epsf 5g\ eg] sfof{gjog of]hgf klg :jls[t eo;s]sf] 5. sf] ;Lk"j{nfO{ k"jl{ sdfg8, sf7df8f} + pktosfafx]s sf] ;L / u08slalrsf] e"efunfo{ dwo sdfg8, sf7df8f} + pktosfnfo{ pktosf sdfg8 / s0ff{nl cf;kf; -s0ff{nl / ;'b"/klzrd k b]zsf e"efu_nfo{ ;d]6]/ klzrd sdfg8sf] ;+/rgf tof/ ul/psf] 5. sl/a ^ ;o k[i7 nfdf] b:tfa]hdf k"jl{ sdfg8sf] d'vofno O6x/L, pktosf sdfg8sf] sf7df8f} +, df qmdzm dlgqkl/ifb\ lj:tf/lj?4 ;jf] {Rrdf rf/ l/6 sf7df8f} + sfdrnfp k wfgdgql s]kl cf]nln] ;+ljwfgljk/lt dlgqkl/ifb\ lj:tf/ u/ ]sf] egb} ;jf]{rr cbfntdf rf/j6f l/6 k/ ]sf 5g\. jl/i7 clwjqmf lbg]z lqkf7l, clwjqmf s~rgs[i0f Gof}kfg]nufotn] rf/j6f 5' f5' } l/6 bfo/ u/ ]sf x'g\. k wfgdgql cf]nln] z'qmaf/ hgtf ;dfhjfbl kf6l{sf] dxgy 7fs'/ /fh]gb dxtf] v]dfsf!) / Pdfn]sf b'o{hgfnfo{ dgql lgo'qm ub} { dlgqkl/ifb\ lj:tf/ u/ ]sf lyp. jl/i7 clwjqmf lqkf7lsf] l/6df k wfgdgqlsf] of] sbd u} /;+j}wflgs, ablgotk"0f{ / ;+ljwfg;usf] wf]sfw8l epsf] lhls/ ul/psf] 5. lgh -k wfgdgql_n] cfkm"df x' b} gepsf] clwsf/ k of]u ug' {epsf] 5. o;n] ;+ljwfgsf] d"n dd{dfly rf]6 k' ofpsf] 5. lgjf{rgsf] 3f]if0ff ul/ ;s]kl5 k wfgdgqln] dlgqkl/ifb\df Jofks lgo'lqm tyf x]/km]/ ug' sk6k"0f{ tyf zlqmsf] Jofks b'?kof]u xf]. k ltlglw;efsf] lj36gkzrft\ klg k'/fg} k wfgdgqlsf]e}m zlqmsf] k of]u ub}{ x'g'x'g5,ú lqkf7ln] l/6df eg]sf 5g\. To;}n] dlgqkl/ifb\ lj:tf/sf] lg0f{o vf/ ]h x'g'kg]{ / kl5 ylkpsf dgqln] sfd ug{ gkfpg] u/l cfb]z lbog'kg]{ dfu l/6df ul/psf] 5. k wfgdgqlaf6 k ltlglw;efsf] lj36gsf] lg0f{o lkmtf{ ep ljjfb :jtm lg?k0f x'g] egfo z'/f]h+u kf08] gof klqsf df qmdzm ;jf] {Rrsf] l/6af6 x:tfif/ lkmtf{ glng] vgfn g]kfn ;d"xsf] lg0f{o Pdfn] ljjfb ldnfpg k wfgdgql Pj+ kf6l{ cwoif s]kl cf]nln] cfotaf/ NofPsf] ^a'b] ;;t{ k :tfj emngfy vgfn / dfwjs'df/ g]kfn ;d"xn] c:jlsf/ u/ ]sf] 5. cf]nlsf] cfxjfg ;flrrs} Pstfsf] kifdf geo{ s]jn e d l;h{gf ug] { p2]zoaf6 k] ]l/tú vgfn g]kfn ;d"xsf] lgisif{ 5. ;f]daf/ :yfol sld6lsf kbflwsf/l tyf ;b:ox sf] a}7ssf] lg0f{o ;fj{hlgs tyf g]tf g]kfnn] lj1lkt hf/l ub} { ;jf] {Rr cbfntdf l/6 lgj]bgsf nflu k of]u epsf cfkm\gf ;f+;bx sf] x:tfif/ lkmtf{ gx'g] klg :ki6 kf/ ]sf 5g\. cf]nln] k ltlglw;ef lj36glj?4sf] ;jf] {Rr cbfntdf bfo/ l/6 lgj]bgaf6 x:tfif/ lkmtf{nfo{ Pstfsf] k"j{;t{sf kdf cufl8 ;f/ ]sf] egb} k ltlglw;ef b]pjf, k r08 / g]kfnalr 5nkmn cf]nlsf c;+j}wflgs ultljlwlj?4 Pstfa4 / ;zqm k lt/f]wsf] /0fgLlt to lj36gsf] lg0f{o lkmtf{ ep of] ljjfb cfkm} 6'+lug] pnn]v u/ ]sf 5g\. g]kfnsf] lj1lktdf 5, pqm l/6 lgj]bg k wfgdgqlaf6 k ltlglw;efsf] c;+j}wflgs lj36gsf sf/0f g]kfnsf] ;+ljwfg, nf]stgq / ;+;b\sf] /Iff ug'{kg] { cfjzostfsf] kl/0ffd xf]. k wfgdgqlaf6 k ltlglw;efsf] lj36gsf] lg0f{o lkmtf{ epdf o;;dagwl ljjfbsf] :jtm lg?k0f x'g]5.ú cfotaf/ k wfgdgql cf]nln] kf6l{nfo{ # h]7 )&% sf] ;+/rgfdf kmsf{p/ Pstf;lxt! cf]nlsf] k :tfj gdfgg] vgfn g]kfnsf ;ft sf/0f cf]nlsf] cfxjfg ;flrrs} Pstfsf] kifdf geo{ s]jn e d l;h{gf ug] { p2]zoaf6 k] ]l/t & j}zfvdf b'o{ b'o{k6s lnlvt kdf Pdfn]sf] Pstf / k efjsfl/tfnfo{ sfod /fvg cf]nlnfo{ 7f] ; k :tfj k7fopsf] lyof]. t/, ol s'g} klg ljifosf] ;Daf]wg gu/l s'g} jftf{ geo{ Pstfsf nflu ul/psf] cfxjfg ;flrrs} Pstfsf] kifdf geo{ s]jn e d l;h{gf ug] { p2]zoaf6 k] ]l/t kf6l{ Pstf sfod ug] { dg;foaf6 gcfpsfn] c:jlsfo{ 5 cf]nlåf/f hf/l jqmjosf] a'bf! g} kf6l{ Pstf xfl;n ug] {egbf cg]stf l;h{gf ug] {tkm{ nlift b]lvpsf] 5. oxl a'bfdf Pdfn] / dfcf]jfbl s]gb sf] ;fn h]7 # ut] epsfn] ;jf] {Rr cbfntaf6 Pdfn] k'ghl{ljt x'g] km} ;nf epsfn] ut]k"j{sf] l:yltdf kf6l{ ;du kdf sfod x'g'k5{ egg'kg] {df # ut]k"j{ egb} cndnofpg] efiff k of]u epsf] 5. ;fy} ut]k"j{sf] l:yltdf sfod x'g] s'/f gu/l g]kfn sdo'lg:6 kf6l{ -g]skf_sf] s]gb Lo sld6lsf ;b:ox dwo] Pstfsf] kifdfú plepsf JolQmx nfo{ cfwf/ dfg] / s]gb Lo sld6l / :yfol sld6lsf ;+/rgf ultzln x'g]ú s'/f ub} { oyfy{df ut]sf] l:yltdf sfod g/fvl cfˆgf] u'6ut :jfy{cg' k x'g] s'/f ul/psf] 5. o:tf] s'/f kf6l{ Pstf sfod ug] { dg;foaf6 cfpsf] egg] sbflk b]lvgg. of] c:jlsfo{ 5. # hfnem]nk"0f{ egfo kf6l{ Pstf sfod ug] { c;n lgot epsf] 7xl/Gg kf6l{ sld6l / hg;+u7gx ut] cufl8sf] l:yltdf sfod u/l lqmofzln ug] { s'/f klg dflgpsf] 5}g. d"ne"t h]7 # k"j{sf] cj:yfdfú kms{g] s'/f u/l dg nfu]sfnfo{ sfod ug] { / gnfu]sfnfo{ x6folbg] dg;fo /flvpsf] 5. o:tf] hfnem]nk"0f{ egfo kf6l{ Pstf sfod ug] { c;n lgot epsf] 7xl/Gg. $ sf/afxl lkmtf{sf] ljifodf c nfo{ cndnofpg] efiff k of]u ul/psf] 5 /fli6«o dxflwj]zg / cgo txsf clwj]zg / ;b:otfaf/ ] df}gtf ;fw]/ cfk"mv';l ug] { cfzo /x]sf] b]lvg5. sfo{bn u7g ul/g] s'/f ul/p klg To;n] s] s:tf sfd ug]{5 egg] s'/f pnn]v ul/psf] 5}g. To;}u/L, clxn] ;Dd :j]r5frf/l lsl;dn] kf6l{ ljwfgljk/lt ul/psf slyt sf/afxl lkmtf{ lng] s'/f jqmjodf 5}g. a' bf gda/ % df o;alrdf epsf untl tyf sdl sdhf]/lnfo{ lnp/ s'g} sf/afxl ul/g]5}gú egg] cndnofpg] efiff k of]u ul/psf] 5. % l/6 lgj]bgdf k of]u epsf x:tfif/ lkmtf{ x'b}gg\ k ltlglw;efsf] c;+j}wflgs lj36gsf] lhdd]jf/l lnp/ To:tf] unt lg0f{onfo{ ;Rofpg] s'/f ug'{sf] ;f6f] ;jf] {Rr cbfntdf k ltlglw;efsf] k'g:yf{kgfsf nflu bfo/ l/6 lgj]bgdf xfdln] u/ ]sf] x:tfif/ lkmtf{ x'g'kg] { k"j{;t{ /flvpsf] 5. pqm l/6 lgj]bg k wfgdgqlaf6 k ltlglw;efsf] c;+j}wflgs lj36gsf sf/0f g]kfnsf] ;+ljwfg, nf]stgq / ;+;b\sf] /Iff ug'{kg] { cfjzostfsf] kl/0ffd xf]. k wfgdgqlaf6 k ltlglw;efsf] lj36gsf] lg0f{o lkmtf{ epdf o;;dagwl ljjfbsf] :jtm lg?k0f x'g]5. ^ /rgftds of]ubfg ;j{k yd cf]nlaf6} cf/de x'g' pko'qm x'g5 xfdln] kf6l{ Pstf, b]zdf /fhgllts :yflotj / hgtfsf] lxtnfo{ ;jf] {k/l /fvb} ;jf] {Rr cbfntsf] km} ;nf tyf Pdfn]sf] gjf} dxflwj]zgsf] lg0f{o / kf6l{ ljwfgcg' k kf6l{ ;+u7gnfo{ k"j{jt\ ;~rfng u/f} egl /fv]sf] k :tfj ctogt /rgftds 5. t/, To;k lt s]kl cf]nlsf] ;sf/ftds b[li6sf]0f / Jojxf/ /x]sf] kfopg. clxn] pglaf6 elgpsf] /rgftds of]ubfgú ;j{k yd pxfaf6} cf/de x'g' pko'qm x'g]5. cgoyf cfk"mn] dgk/l ug] { / c nfo{ pkb]z lbg] s'/fsf] s'g} pkfb]otf /xb}g. & hfnem]n, cgof]n / e dsf] cfwf/df c nfo{ cndnofpg] / ljeflht ug] { b'/fzo cf] nlaf6 cufl8 ;fl/ Psf s'/ fx kf6l{sf] PstfnfO{ cif'00f / fvg gjf} / fli6«o dxflwj] zgsf] lg0f{o / kf6l{ ljwfg tyf ;jf] {Rr cbfntsf] km} ;nfsf] cgto{cg' k 5} gg\. cf] nlsf] jqmjodf k of] u ul/ Psf] efiff / a'bf s] nfpbf hfnem] n, cgof] n / e dsf cfwf/ df c nfo{ cndnofpg] / ljeflht ug] { b'/ fzo b] lvg5. ctm kf6l{ ljwfgcg' k kf6l{nfo{ Pstfa4 agfpg] pxfsf] ;f] r g} g/ x] sf] b] lvpsfn] cf] nlsf] jqmjosf] e ddf gk/ L ;zqm kdf kf6l{sf] ;du Pstf, ;+u7g lgdf{0f / ;~rfngsf] dfu{df cl3 a9\g cfxjfg ub{5f}.

2 cfkm\gf] cg'xf/df 2 h]7 )&* sf] /f]gflj?4 ;r]tgf xft nufpg agb u/f} Po/ a] ;, nlhl:6s a] ;, OG6]lnh]G; u0f, egf{ 5gf]6 ;fpgb]lv=== s]gb, l/he{ u0f x'g]5g\. gof ;+/rgfcg';f/ ;]gfsf] 9'+uf=== k[i7! af6 qmdzm dwo sdfg8sf] kf]v/f / klzrd sdfg8sf] d'vofno ;'v]{tdf /xg]5. k"j{sdfg8n] k b]z / pktosfafx]s afudtl k b]z, dwo sdfg8n] u08sl / n'ldagl k b]z x]g] {5. To:t}, klzrd sdfg8n] s0ff{nl / ;'b"/klzrd k b]z x]g] {5. ;]gfn] )&) df h+ul c8\8fsf dxflgb] {zgfno / ljefu x] /km]/ u/ ]sf] lyof] eg] df k[tgfsf] ;+Vof ^ af6 cf7 k' ofpsf] lyof]. Toltv] / o'4s]lgb t ;+/rgf agfpg] ls ;+3Lo k zf;lgs ;'xfpbf] ;+/rgf agfpg] egg]df ;]gfleq ;3g 5nkmn epsf] lyof]. ;]gfsf] k'g;{+/rgfsf nflu ;'emfa lbg k"j{;/sf/n] /Iff;lrj jfdgk ;fb Gof}kfg]sf] g]t[tjdf sfo{bn g} agfpsf] lyof]. Gof}kfg] sfo{bnn] o'4s]lgb t / /0fgLlts dxtjsf cfwf/df ;]gfsf] k'g;{+/rgf ug'{kg] { ;'emfa lbpsf] lyof]. t/, ttsfnlg ;}lgs g]t[tjn] g]kfnsf] kl/k ]Iodf /fli6«o ;'/Iff eg]sf] cfgtl/s ;'/Iff epsf] lgisif{;lxt ;ft k b]z / pktosfsf] k zf;lgs ;+/rgf ;'xfpbf] x'g] u/l k[tgf x]8sjf6{/ :yfkgf ug] { ;'emfa lbpsf] lyof]. cgttm Gof}kfg]sf] l;kmfl/ ; sfof{gjog gu/l ;]gfn] cf7 k[tgfsf] ;+/rgf tof/ u/ ]sf] lyof]. To;kl5 k[tgfn] g} k b]z ;/sf/;u ;dgjo ub} { cfpsf] lyof]. k wfg;]gfklt yfkfn] eg] sfo{ef/ ;Dxfn]nuQ} ;]gfnfo{ tlg hf]8 Ps sdfg8df n}hfg] u/l tof/l yfn]sf lyp. gof ;+/rgfcg';f/ k b]z ;/sf/;u ;dgjo ;DalGwt sdfg8cgtu{tsf cf7 aflxglklt cyf{t\ ;xfos/ylx n] ug] {5g\. o;sf nflu aflxgl;d]t tf]lspsf] ;]gfn] hgfpsf] 5. h+ul c8\8fsf cg';f/ cfgtl/s / afxo n8fo n8\g] cjwf/0ffcg';f/ sdfg8 cjwf/0ff sfof{gjog x'g nfu]sf] xf]. sdfg8sf nflu k"jl{ k[tgfdf ck ] ;g kfyle/f gfdsf] k"j{ceof; eo;s]sf] 5. afsl sdfg8 If]qdf klg /Iff ceof;sf gfddf k"j{ceof; eo;s]sf] ;]gfn] hgfpsf] 5. ;a} sdfg8dftxt n8fo n8\g] Ifdtf j[l4 x'g] h+ul c8\8fsf] ck]iff 5. ;]gfn] clxn]s} ah]6 / hgzlqmn] gof ;+/rgf sfof{gjog ug] {5. ;]gfn] cfk"m;lxt g]kfn k x/l, ;z:q / /fli6«o cg';gwfg ljefu;d]t /xg] PsLs[t sdfg8 / PsLs[t OG6]lnh]G; ;ldlt;dagwl k :tfj klg /Iff dgqfnodf k] ; u/ ]sf] 5. ;z:q ågåsf j]nf ;'/Iff kmf}hsf] PsLs[t sdfg8 lyof]. /fli6«o ;'/Iff gllt, ;+ljwfg, k lt/iff gllt, ;}lgs /0fgLlt / ;}lgs P]gcg';f/ PsLs[t ;'/Iff cjwf/0ffdf cfwfl/t /x] / PsLs[t sdfg8sf] k :tfj ul/psf] ;]gfsf] lhls/ 5. PsLs[t sdfg8 sfof{gjogsf ^ of]hgf ;}lgs k :tfjdf 5. ;}lgs OG6]lnh]G; ;]jf lgodfjnlsf] d:of}bf klg ;]gfn] dgqfnodf k]; u/ ]sf] 5. To:t}, k wfgdgqldftxtdf k wfg;]gfklt, ;z:q, g]kfn k x/l / cg';gwfg ljefusf k d'v tyf ;]gfsf] OG6]lnh]G; ljefusf dxflgb]{zs /xg] /fli6«o PsLs[t OG6]lnh]G; ;ldltsf] k :tfj klg ;]gfsf] 5. of] ;ldltdftxt If]qLo:t/df k b]z k x/l k d'v;lxt ;]gfsf ;xfos/yl, ;z:q, g]kfn k x/l / cg';gwfg ljefusf l8cfohl:t/sf clws[t ;xeful ;+ogq agfog]5. ;] gfn] ljb] zl: yt ;} lgs ;xrf/ L / x] sf d'n'sx df ;} lgs hgzlqm ykg'kg] { k : tfj klg u/ ] sf] 5. To: t}, yfonofg8,?; / a] lnhoddf ;} lgs ;xrf/ L / fvg klg k : tfj u/ ] sf] 5. clxn] ;+o'qm / fi6«;+3sf nflu : yfol lgof] u Go'of] s{ / ^ j6f b"tfjf;df dfq} ;} lgs ;xrf/ L 5g\. xfn : yfol lgof] u Go'of] s{, cd] l/ sf, ef/ t, rlg, a] nfot, kfls: tfg, a+unfb] zl: yt b"tfjf;df dxf;] gfgl: t/ sf ;} lgs ;xrf/ L sfo{/ t 5g\. oldwo] kfls: tfg / a+unfb] zdf Ps Pshgf ;] gfgl ykg'kg] { tyf afsl kfr ld;gdf Ps Pshgf k d'v ;] gfgl ykg'kg] { ;] gfsf] k : tfj 5. To: t}, yfonofg8,?; / a] lnhoddf klg dxf;] gfgl g] t[tjdf Ps Pshgf ;] gfgl;lxtsf] b/ agbl / fvg ;] gfn] / Iff dgqfnodf kqfrf/ u/ ] sf] 5. k[i7! af6 qmdzm tlj 5. k s[lt / dfgjhljgdfly v]naf8 gug{ / ptvggnfo{ lgodg ug{ ;j{q cfjfh pl7/x]sf] j]nf ;/sf/n] kxf8 vg] / 9'+uf, lu6l / afn'jf lgof{t ug] { gllt ;fj{hlgs u/ ]sf] xf]. ;/sf/n] 9'+uf, lu6l, afn'jf lgsf;lsf nflu klxn]b]lv g} tof/l ub} { cfpsf] lyof]. vfgl ljefusf dxflgb] {zs /fdk ;fb l3ld/ ]sf cg';f/ k';;dddf vfgl klxrfg ug{ ;/sf/n] Dofb lbpsf] lyof]. xfdln] k' ';;Ddsf] Dofb kfpsf lyof}. ;/sf/n] lbpsf] sfd k"/f u/ ]sf 5f}. xfd f] sfd vfgl kqf nufpg] xf],ú pgl eg5g\, ljlegg dxfef/t z+[vnfdf cwoog ubf{!$ lhnnfsf :yfgdf vfglsf] klxrfg epsf] xf]. ca, cfgtl/s vkt ug{] ls lgsf;l ;/sf/sf] glltsf] s'/f xf]. cfgtl/s vktegbf a9l eof] eg] t :jtm lgof{t ug'{k5{ g}.ú r'/ ] arfpgs} nflu dxfef/t z[+vnfdf vfglsf] klxrfg ul/psf] pgsf] egfo 5. )&! cl3 r'/ ] / t/fo{df lgs} bf]xg lyof]. ljsnk lbgs} nflu vfglsf] klxrfg u/ ]sf xf}. o;n] r'/ ]sf] cj}w ptvgg 36fp5,Ú pgsf] bfal 5. r'/ ] If]q gkg{], r fgsf] agfj6 s8f epsf] ], jg If]q sd epsf], /fhdfu{af6 glhs kg] { / cfk"lt{ ;xh x'g] 7fpnfO{ vfglsf] kdf ;~rfng ug{ 5gf]6 ul/psf] pgn] atfp. pgn] of] ljifodf ef}uf]lns / ef}ule{s tyf vlgh ptvggaf/ ] cwoog epsf] ;d]t atfp. ptf, k"j{;lrj tyf / fi6«klt r'/ ] t/ fo{ dw] ; ;+/ If0f ljsf; ;ldltsf k"j{cwoif / fd] Zj/ vgfn eg] dxfef/ t kxf8 vg] / 9'+uf, lu6l, afn'jf ef/ t lgsf;l ug] { ;/ sf/ L glltn] lrlgtt 5g\. jftfj/ 0fLo c;/ gkg{] u/ L : jb] zl lgdf{0fdf k of] u ug{ vfgl klxrfg ug{' : jfefljs xf]. t/, g] kfnsf 8f8f df;] / ef/ t lgsf;l ug] { gllt s;/ L cfof] <Ú vfgl tyf e"ue{ ljefun] g} u/ ] sf] sfo{qmddf pgn] k Zg u/ ], xfdl km] l/ Jofkf/ 3f6f sd ug{] egb} lgsf;lsf] of] hgf cl3 ;fl// x] sf 5f}. clxn] jflif{s Jofkf/ 3f6f!! va{ k'u] sf] 5. ca Tof] 3f6f kxf8 kmf] /]/, 9'+uf, lu6l a] r] / k"lt{ x'g5 <Ú vfglhgo 9'+uf, lu6l au] /, p8] / hfg] ; f]t xf]og. k s[lt cfkm}n] e08f/0f u/ ]/ /fv]sf] xf]. To;}nfO{ lgsf;l ug] { gllt g} ljgfzs epsf] pgsf] egfo 5. 9'+uf, lu6lsf] Jofkf/ 86L{ lahg] ;Ú xf]. t/, xfd f] ;/sf/n] o;}af6 k} ;f sdfpg vf]h]sf] 5. lgsf;l /f]sg ;jf]{rrn] lbpsf] cfb]zlj?4 of] gllt cfpsf] 5, of] ;jf{]rr cbfntsf] cjx]ngf klg xf],ú pgn] eg]. k fs[lts ; f]t lgof{taf/ ] jfl0fho dgqfnon] PSn} lg0f{o ug{ gldng] vgfnsf] lhls/ 5. lgof{t ug{ ldn5 ls ldnb}g eg] / vfgl tyf e"ue{ ljefu;u 5nkmn ul/psf] 5}g, jftfj/0f dgqfno;u ;dgjo ul/psf] 5}g. of] ljifodf vfgl ljefusf dxflgb] {zs klg af]ng'k5{, untnfo{ unt egg'k5{. o:tf] glltsf] k lt/iff ug'{x'b}g,ú vgfnn] l3ld/ ]nfo{ g} ;Daf]wg ub} { eg]. To:t}, /fi6«klt r'/ ] t/fo{ dw] ; ;+/If0f ljsf; ;ldltsf ;jf]{rrsf] === k[i7! af6 qmdzm cufl8 a9fpg], t/ To; lgldt vgfn g]kfn ;d"xsf tkm{af6 l/6 lgj]bgdf k of]u x:tfif/ lkmtf{ lng'kg] { ;t{;lxt Pstfsf] cfxjfg u/ ]sf lyp. sf+u ] ; ;efklt z] /axfb'/ b]pjfnfo{ k wfgdgql agfpg'kg] { dfu;lxt vgfn g]kfn ;f+;bn] l/6 lgj]bgdf x:tfif/ u/ ]sf 5g\. g]tf g]kfnn] lj1lktdf cfkm\gf]tkm{af6 & j}zfvdf Pstfsf nflu k] ; u/ ]sf] lnlvt k :tfj ;Daf]wgaf/ ] cf]nlsf] cfxjfgdf s'g} ;Daf]wg gepsf] pnn]v u/ ]sf 5g\. Pstfsf] gfddf cfpsf] cf]nln] cfxjfg cg]stf l;h{gf ug]{tkm{ nlift b]lvpsf], cndnofpg] k"j{;b:o 8f= ljhos'df/ l;+x kxf8df ptvgg ug] { ;/sf/l gllt emg\ eofgs epsf] atfp5g\. r'/]df xf]og, dxfef/t kxf8af6 9'+uf, lu6l lgsfng] eg] / ;/sf/n] bf]xf] ofo/x]sf] 5. ;/sf/sf] of] bfalnfo{ dfgg] xf] eg] klg dxfef/t z[+vnfsf kxf8 vgg yfn]kl5 cyfx 9'+uf, df6f] t gbld} au5,ú pgl eg5g\, lxdfnaf6 cfpsf x'g\ ls kxf8af6, gbl t dxfef/t / r'/ ] x'b} t/fo{tkm{ hfg] x'g\. 8f8fsf 8f8f sf6]kl5 kxf8sf] lu6l, df6f] t au] / gbldf hfg] xf]. To;n] ljgfz Nofp5.Ú Jofkf/ 3f6f 36fpg] u/l slt 9'+uf, lu6l lgsf;l ug'{knf{, To;sf] kl/df0f clxn] snkgf ug{ klg ufx f] x'g] 8f= l;+xsf] egfo 5. kxf8 vgbf :jfefljs kdf klx/f] a9fp5. klx/f] au] / vf]nfd} hfg] xf]. lu6l, afn'jf / df6f] af]s] / vf]nf / gblx aug yfn]kl5 To;n] kxf8, r'/ ] / t/fo{df s:tf] ljgfz Nofpnf < Tof] snkgf ug{ klg eofjx nfu5,ú pgl eg5g\. 88]Nw'/fsf] ttsfnlg zlif{ uflj;sf dfs' {, rfsl, tf]l8gf, s6fn l;dn6f, uf]ug / ;n'g u/l ^ 8f8f klxrfg u/ ]sf] 5. ol 8f8f clxn] k/z'/fd gu/kflnsfsf # / $ df k5{g\. 8f]6Lsf] ttsfnlg 5ltjg uflj; / clxn]sf] hf] /fon df kg] {?j;sf8f 8f8f]nfO{ ^ 7fpdf ptvgg ug] { ;/sf/sf] of]hgf 5. ;'v]{tsf] u'ef{sf]6 gu/kflnsf ( l:yt dflynnf] efn'vf]nf / ayfg 8f8f 5gf]6 ul/psf 5g\. ol 8f8f ;flassf] ;xf/] uflj;sf] &, * / ( gda/ j8fdf k5{g\. ;Nofgsf] ttsfnlg wgjfª uflj; / clxn]sf] sk'/sf]6 ufpkflnsf $ df kg] { y/sf]6 n]s / nfld8f8faf6 ptvgg ul/g]5. oxf ^ j6f vfgl klxrfg ul/ Psf 5g\. To:t}, Ko'7fgsf] ;?df/fgl ufpkflnsf ^ sf] ;?df/fgl n]snfo{ ^ 7fpdf ptvgg ul/g]5. of] n]s ttsfnlg lt/fd uflj;sf] j8f gda/ ^, & / * df k5{. c3f{vfrlsf] ttsfnlg 7f8f uflj; & / * gda/ j8f tyf clxn]sf] zltu+uf gu/kflnsf # df kg] { ljlegg 8f8f klxrfg ul/psf 5g\. ol 8f8fdf ^ j6f vfgl /x]sf] e"ue{ ljefusf] egfo 5. ljefun] kfnkfsf b'o{ 8f8fsf cf7 7fp ptvggsf nflu klxrfg u/ ]sf] 5. ;flassf] d:ofd uflj; tyf clxn]sf] ltgfp ufpkflnsf % df /x]sf] d/fªsf]6 / j8f gda/ ^ l:yt hlgtn'x'ª 8f8f]af6 ptvgg ul/g]5. lrtjgsf] ttsfnlg bf/ ]rf]s uflj; $ / clxn]sf] OR5fsfdgf ufpkflnsf $ df kg] { s'l/gleqf If]q 5gf]6 ul/psf] 5. ol If]qdf ;ftj6f vfgl klxrfg ul/psf 5g\. dsjfgk'/sf kfr 8f8f klxrfg ul/psf 5g\. ;flassf] e};] uflj; * / clxn]sf] eldkm]bl ufpkflnsf! df kg] { ls;] /L, ;fg'6f/, gofufp, ls6]gl / a'ªbn 8f8faf6 ptvgg ul/g]5. oxf kfrj6f vfgl klxrfg ul/psf 5g\. nlntk'/sf] ttsfnlg rf}3/ ] uflj; / clxn]sf] sf]ghf] :of]d ufpkflnsf! l:yt rf}3/ ] 8f8f]df ^ 7fpdf vfgl klxrfg ul/psf] 5. To:t}, l;gw'nlsf] ttsfnlg ltgsgof uflj; / clxn]sf] uf]nghf] / ufpkflnsfsf b'o{ tyf ;flassf] /fglr'/l uflj; / clxn]sf] sdnfdfo{ gu/kflnsf b'o{ u/l rf/ 8f8f klxrfg ul/psf 5g\. To:t}, pbok'/sf] hfnkf lrnfpg] uflj; / clxn]sf] efiff k of]u epsf] / cfˆgf] u'6ut :jfy{cg' k cfpsf] egb} g]tf g]kfnn] eg]sf 5g\, o:tf] s'/f kf6l{ Pstf sfod ug] { dg;foaf6 cfpsf] egg] sbflk b]lvgg. of] c:jlsfo{ 5.Ú g]kfnsf] lj1lktdf hg;+u7gsf] xsdf dg nfu]sfnfo{ sfod ug] { / gnfu]sfnfo{ x6folbg] dg;fo /flvpsf] bfal ub} { o:tf] hfnem]nk"0f{ egfo kf6l{ Pstf sfod ug] { c;n lgot epsf] g7xl/g] pnn]v 5. clxn] of] ljifo cf]nlsf] cfxjfgdf gepsf] egb} g]tf g]kfnn] lj1lktdf cndnofpg] efiff k of]u ul/psf] cf/f]k nufpsf 5g\. g]tf g]kfnn] cf]nlaf6 cufl8 ;fl/psf k :tfj gjf} /fli6«o dxflwj]zgsf] lg0f{o / kf6l{ ljwfg tyf ;jf] {Rr cbfntsf] km} ;nfsf] cgto{cg' k gepsf] pnn]v u/ ]sf 5g\. jqmjodf k of]u ul/psf] efiff / a'bfx s]nfpbf hfnem]n, cgof]n / e dsf cfwf/df c nfo{ cndnofpg] / ljeflht ug] { b'/fzo b]lvpsf] g]kfnsf] egfo 5. lj1lktdf g]tf g]kfnn] cfkm\gf] tkm{af6 kf6l{ Pstf, b]zdf /fhgllts :yflotj / hgtfsf] lxtnfo{ ;jf] {k/l /fvb} kf6l{ ;+u7gnfo{ ;~rfng;dagwl /fv]sf] k :tfj /rgftds /x]sf] bfal u/ ]sf 5g\. /, o;df cf]nlsf] ;sf/ftds b[li6sf]0f / Jojxf/ g/x]sf] kfopsf] pnn]v u/ ]sf 5g\. g]kfnn] clxn] cf]nl elgpsf] /rgftds of]ubfgú ;j{k yd pxfaf6} cf/de x'g' pko'qm x'g] egb} lqo'uf gu/kflnsf!^ l:yt l;/jfgl / ;'sf} /f 8f8f klxrfg ul/psf 5g\. oxf kfrj6f vfgl klxrfg ul/psf 5g\. j6f vfgl klxrfg ul/ Psf 5g\. ;fu'/lu9l ufpkflnsfsf] j8f gda/ ^ / * df kg] { kfyle/f 8f8f, ;fu'/lu9l 8f8f, /gkmg] 8f8f ptvgg ul/g]5. ol 8f8f ;flassf e]8]6f/ / dxfef/t uflj;df k5{g\. To:t}, df] / ªsf] ttsfnlg ef]u6]gl uflj;sf] j8f gda/ $ / ^ kg] { tyf clxn]sf] n]6fª gu/kflnsf! l:yt uf]lkgl eghofª ptvgg ul/g]5. ;flassf] l;+xb]jl uflj;sf] j8f gda/! / ( tyf clxn]sf] s] /faf/l df kg] { aql;h'/ ] 8f8f]df klg 8f]h/ rnfog]5. ol b'o{ 8f8fsf kfr 7fpdf vfgl klxrfg ul/psf] 5. 9'+uf, lu6l, afn'jf lgsf;l ug] { lg0f{o ab/sf] dfu ub} { ;jf] {Rrdf tlg l/6 9'+uf, lu6l, afn'jf ptvgg u/ ] / lgsf;l ug] { ;/sf/sf] gllt vf/ ]hlsf] dfu ub} { ;jf] {Rr cbfntdf tlgj6f l/6 btf{ epsf 5g\. ;f]daf/ ;Dd jl/i7 clwjqmf lbg]z lqkf7l, clwjqmfåo z}n]gb cda]8s/ / /fdaxfb'/ zfxln] l/6 bfo/ u/ ]sf x'g\. ;/sf/n] ut!% h]7df cwofb]zdfkm{t NofPsf] cfly{s jif{ )&* &( sf] ah]6df 9'+uf, lu6l / afn'jf lgsf;l u/l Jofkf/ 3f6f sd ug] { gllt cl3 ;f/ ]sf] 5. cy{dgql lji0f' kf}8]nn] ah]6 jqmjosf] a'bf g+=!(( df eg]sf 5g\, jftfj/0flo k efj d"nof+sgsf] cfwf/df vfglhgo 9'+uf, lu6l, afn'jf lgsf;l u/l Jofkf/ 3f6f Go"gLs/0f ul/g]5. lgsf;l ul/g] vfglhgo lgdf{0f ;fdu Lsf] kl/jxgsf nflu pbf]ub]lv lgsf;l lagb';dd /f]k j] lgdf{0f ug{ cfoftdf nfug] eg;f/ dx;'n 5'6 lbg] Joj:yf ldnfpsf] 5'.Ú l/6x df of] a'bf vf/ ]hlsf] dfu ul/psf] 5. jl/i7 clwjqmf lqkf7ln] bfo/ u/ ]sf] l/6df k wfgdgql tyf dlgqkl/ifb\sf] sfof{no, cy{, pbf]u / jg dgqfnonfo{ ljkifl agfopsf] 5. k :t't ah]6 jqmjosf] a'bf g+=!(( ptk ]if0fsf] cfb]zåf/f ab/ u/l r'/ ] If]qsf] jftfj/0f ljgfznfo{ /f]sl ;f] If]qsf] jftfj/0f ;+/If0fnfO{ ;jf] {Rr k fyldstfdf /fvl cfjzos agbf]a:t ug{' egl k/dfb]z;d]t hf/l ul/kfpm,ú ;/sf/l gllt k yd b[li6d} ab/eful /x]sf] lhls/ ub} { l/6df dfu ul/psf] 5. ;/sf/n] cfj )^^ ^& b]lv r'/ ] ;+/If0fnfO{ cleofgs} kdf ;~rfng ug{ /fi6«klt r'/ ] ;+/If0f sfo{qmdú NofPsf] / o;sf nflu ;jf] {Rrn] ljlegg lg0f{o tyf cfb]z lbb} cfpsf] lqkf7ln] l/6df pnn]v u/ ]sf 5g\. jftfj/0flo Iflt /f]sg ;ft jif{b]lv r'/ ] If]qsf] ptvgg /f]lspsf] ep klg ;/sf/n] To;ljk/Lt lgof{tsf] gllt clvtof/ u/ ]sf] l/6df pnn]v 5. ttsfnlg ;+;blo ;ldltn] klg afxo lgsf;l vf]nbf k fs[[lts ;Dkbfsf] ctolws bf]xg epsf] / jftfj/0fdf k lts"n c;/ u/ ]sf] 7x/ ub} { lgsf;l /f]sg ;/sf/nfo{ lgb] {zg lbpsf] lyof]. / fi6«klt r'/ ] t/ fo{ dw] ; ;+/ If0f sfo{qmd ;'? epotfsf ;ft jif{df ;/ sf/ n] ;+/ If0fsf nflu!# ca{ $! s/ f] 8 (* nfv *) xhf/ ljlgof] hg u/ ] sf] 5. To;dWo] gf} ca{ (! s/ f] 8 $( nfv (( xhf/ vr{ epsf] 5,Ú l/ 6df elgpsf] 5. cgoyf cfk"mn] dgk/l ug] { / c nfo{ pkb]z lbg'sf] s'g} pkfb]otf g/xg] :ki6 kf/ ]sf 5g\. vgfn g]kfn ;d"xn] cf]nlsf] ^a'b] Pstf cfxjfg k"j{;t{;lxt c:ki6 kdf ;fl/psf] egb} ^ j6} a'bfdf s]lgb t /x]/ hjfkm kmsf{opsf] 5. cf]nlsf] Pstf;DaGwL cfxjfg hfnem]n / ljefhg ug] { b'/fzo;lxt cfpsf] lgisif{ lgsfnb} vgfn g]kfn ;d"xn] e ddf gk/l kf6l{sf] ;du Pstf / ;+u7g lgdf{0fdf h'6\g sfo{stf{k+lqmnfo{ cfxjfg klg u/ ]sf] 5. vgfn g]kfn ;d"xn] afwoftds l:yltdf dfq j}slnks dfu{ cjndag ug] { b[li6sf]0f /fv]/ gof kf6l{ lgdf{0f ug] { k lqmofnfo{ bf] ; f] k fyldstfdf /fv]sf] :ki6;u v'nfpsf] 5. km]l/ klg hf]8 lbp/ egg rfxg5f} ls xfdl ;fy{s jftf{, l;4fgtlgi7 Pstf / d]nldnfksf] kifdf /xb} cfpsf 5f} / clgtd 38L;Dd o; ;DaGwdf xfd f] ;sf/ftds k of; hf/l /xg]5. clxn] klg xfdl ToxL rfxg5f} / g]kfnsf] sdo'lg:6 cfgbf]ngnfo{ Ift\ljIft kfg] { ;a} k sf/sf if8\ogqx k/flht x'g'k5{ egg] b[9 dfgotf /fvb5f},ú jqmjodf elgpsf] 5, oxl dfgotf / ljzjf;sf ;fy xfdln] cg]sf} 3ft k lt3ft ;xb} kf6l{ Pstfsf nflu clgtd;dd kf6l{df g} /x]/ cfkm\gf] k of; cl3 a9fo/x]sf 5f}. xfdln] afwoftds l:yltdf dfq j}slnks dfu{ cjndag ug] { b[li6sf]0f /fv]sf 5f}.Ú

3 9f]sfsf] x\oflg8n, tfnf sf] /f]gflj?4 ;r]tgf 3 ;s];dd sd 5f]cf} h]7 )&* ;'v] {tdf /fp6] o'jtldfly of}g lx+;f xf]6]n ;~rfns;lxt tlghgflj?4 ls6fgl hfx] /L btf{, dlb/f ;]jg u/fo{ of}g b'jo{jxf/ u/ ]sf] k x/lsf] egfo /d]z /fjn gof klqsf jl/ ] Gb h]7 nf]kf]gd'v /fp6] ;d'bfosl o'jtldfly of}glx+;f u/ ]sf] cf/f]kdf tlghgflj?4 lhnnf k x/l sfof{no ;'v] {tdf hfx] /L btf{ epsf] 5. dlb/ f ;] jg u/ fo{ of}g b'jo{jxf/ u/ ]sf] egb} u'ef{sf]6 gu/ kflnsfsf rdgl;+x 3tL{, e"k] Gb a'9f / xf] 6] n ;~rfns ljgf] b k'glj?4 hfx] /L k/ ]sf] xf]. dfgj cf] ;f/k;f/, of}g b'jo{jxf/ / hah{: tl s/ 0fLsf] d'2f rnfpg ls6fgl hfx] /L k/ ]sf] lhnnf k x/l sfof{nosf l8p;kl / fdk ;fb 3tL{n] atfp. 36gfaf/ ] cg';gwfg yflnpsf] pgn] hfgsf/l lbp. ;'v] {tsf] u'ef{sf]6 gu/kflnsf ( sf : yfglo o'jf 3tL{, a'9f / xf] 6] n ;~rfns k'gn]!( jif{sl / fp6] ;d'bfosf o'jtlnfo{ xf] 6] ndf nu] / dlb/f ;]jg u/fp/ of}g b'jo{jxf/ u/ ]sf] k x/ln] hgfpsf] 5. u'ef{sf]6 gu/kflnsf ( af]6]rf} /sf #% jifl{o rdgl;+x jif{sf e"k] G a'9f jif{sf ldng k'gn] zlgaf/ / flt / fp6] o'jtldfly of} g lx+;f u/ ]sf x'g\. k'gn] ;~rfng u/ ]sf] af]6]rf} /l:yt z'esfdgf xf]6n tyf / ] :6'/ ]G6df dlb/f v'jfp/ cznln lel8cf] agfpsf] k x/ Ln] hgfpsf] 5. ;f] lel8of] ;fj{hlgs epkl5 k x/ Ln] pglx nfo{ cfotaf/ laxfg kqmfp u/ ]sf] lyof]. lel8of] df Pshgf k'?if cw{gug cj: yfdf / fp6] o'jtl;u} cf] 5\ofgdf kln6psf 5g\. tl k' ifn] Pp6L o'jtlnfo{ alxgl / csl{nfo{ >LdtL ;Daf] wg u5{g\. >LdtL elgpsl o'jtlnfo{ pgn] ;+j] bgzln c+udf 5f] Psf 5g\. tl k'?ifn] o'jtlnfo{ af/ Da/ ult ufpg cg'/ f] w u/ ] klg pglx n] cfgfsfgl u/ ] sf 5g\. g;fdf / x] sl Ps o'jtln] l8: 6a{ eof] s] bfo hfg'ú eg] sl 5g\. gof klqsf h]7 k wfgdgql s] kl cf] nlsf] u[xgu/ bdsdf lgdf{0f ug{ nflupsf] dbg e08f/l / +uzfnfsf] 6]G8/ k lqmof g} ljjfbdf k/ ] sf] 5. ;fj{hlgs vl/ b P] g tyf lgb{] lzsf kfngf gepsf] ph'/ Lsf cfwf/ df ;fj{hlgs vl/ b cg'udg sfof{non] 5fglag yfn] sf] 5. sl/ a rf/ ca{ nfutdf lgdf{0f x'g nfu] sf] ;f] / +uzfnf agfpg / fli6«o v] ns'b kl/ ifb\n] ut!^ j} zfvdf af] nkq cfx\jfg u/ ]sf] lyof]. cgt/f{li6«o af]nkqdf $% lbgsf] ;do lbg'kg{] df #) lbg dfq lbopsf] / ;fj{hlgs vl/ b /fp6] a:tldf aflx/l dflg; hfg /f]s u'ef{sf]6 gu/kflnsf!! l:yt /fp6] ;d'bfo a;f]jf; ul/ /x]sf] If]qdf ;'/Iff Joj:yf s8f kf/ ] / aflx/l dflg;nfo{ hfg / f] s nufopsf] 5. b'o{ / fp6] o'jtldfly of}g b'jo{jxf/ epsf] ;dfrf/ ;fj{hlgs ep;u} k x/ln] / fp6] a: tldf ;'/ Iff s8f agfpsf] xf]. lhnnf k zf;g sfof{non] aflx/sf JolQmnfO{ /fp6] a:tldf hfg /f]s nufpsf] / /fp6] o'jtldfly of}g b'jo{jxf/ epsf] lel8of] / fp6] ;d'bfodf k'ug glbg aflx/ sf dflg;x nfo{ / fp6] a: tldf k j] z ug{ / f] s nufopsf] lhnnf k x/ L sfof{nosf l8p;kl / fdk ;fb 3tL{n] atfp. kl5nnf] 36gfkl5 / fp6] a: tldf rxnkxn a9\g] / lel8of] Tof] ;d'bfodf k'ug ;Sg] epkl5 cgflws[t JolQmx nfo{ a: tldf hfg / f] s nufpsf xf},ú pgn] eg], /fp6] a:tldf aflx/sf s;}nfo{ k j] z ug{ glbg hgf k x/ L kl/ rfng ul/ Psf] 5.Ú b'o{ o'jtldfly of} g lx+;f epsf] ;dfrf/ ;fj{hlgs epkl5 s0ff{nl k b] zsf d'vodgql dx]gb axfb'/ zfxln] / fp6] d'lvofnfo{ 5nkmnsf nflu af] nfpsf 5g\. / fp6] ;d'bfonfo{ cfjzos ;xof] u ug{ / kll8t o'jtlsf] : jf: Yo hfrsf nflu c: ktfn k7fpg] jftfj/ 0f agfolbg d'vodgql zfxln] / fp6] d'lvofnfo{ af] nfpsf x'g\. lgodfjnlsf cgo k fjwfg;d] t ldlrpsf] k f/ ldes 5fglagdf v'n]sf] 5. ls/ft]zj/ sg:6«s;gnufot lgdf{0f Joj;foLs} ph'/ Lsf cfwf/ df 5fglag yflnpsf] sfof{non] hgfpsf] 5. 7"nf tyf hl6n k fljlws Ifdtf cfjzos kg{] cfof] hgfsf nflu ;fj{hlgs vl/ b cg'udg sfof{non] ut j}zfvdf dfq OlGhlgol/ ª k f]so'/d]g6 sg6«s;g -Olk;L_;DaGwL lgb{] lzsf NofPsf] lyof]. ;'?ªdfu{, / +uzfnf, km\nfocf]e/h:tf hl6n k s[ltsf lgdf{0f;dagwl k lqmofnfo{ ;xh ug{ ;f] lgb{] lzsf NofOP klg of] 6] G8/ df To;sf k fjwfgx kfngf gepsf] ;fj{hlgs vl/ b cg'udg sfof{nosf Ps clwsf/ Ln] atfp. blnt aflnsf anftsf/ 36gf ldnfkq u/fpg kl/jf/nfo{ bafa u0f]z nd;fn gof klqsf h]7 ;'g;/ Lsf] ;fx] aughdf Ps blnt aflnsf anftsf/ sf cf/ f] klnfo{ hf] ufpg kll8t kl/ jf/ nfo{ k nf] eg / bafa lbg yflnpsf] 5. ;fx] sl Clifb] j y/ sl!& jifl{of aflnsf anftsf/ u/ ] / km/ f/ epsf ;f] xl jifl{o dgf] h kf;jfgnfo{ hf] ufpg kx'rjfnfx n] kll8t kl/ jf/ nfo{ k nf] eg / bafa lbg yfn] sf x'g\. kll8t aflnsfsf cfkmgtx sf cg';f/ km/f/ cf/f]kl kf;jfg tlg jif{b]lv k ]ddf /x]sfn] ;xdltd} ;DaGw /fv]sf], d'2f lkmtf{ lnpdf b'j}sf] lax] u/folbg] / kl/jf/n] dfu]hlt ;DklQ lbg] egb} k nf]eg / bafa lbo/x]sf 5g\. kf;jfg ufpd} n'lsl5kl a;] klg k x/ Ln] kqmfp gu/ ] sf] kll8t kl/ jf/ sf] cf/ f] k 5. aflnsfsf afa'n] ldnfkq u/ fpg lg/ Gt/ bafa lbo/ x] sf] atfp. xfdl s] xl klg hfgb} gf}. d] / L 5f] / L anftsf/ ug] { kf;jfg cem} kqmfp k/ ] sf] 5} g. 7"nfa8fn] xfdlnfo{ b'o{alr k ] d ;DaGw / x] sf] egb} lax] ug{ bafa lbo/ x] sf 5g\,Ú pgn] eg]. ut!& h] 7 laxfg v] tdf sfd ug{ hfg] ;dodf PsfGtdf uf} 8f 9's] / a;]sf kf;jfgn] aflnsfnfo{ ckx/0f u/l d'v y'g] / Hofg dfg] { wdsl lbb} anftsf/ u/ ]sf lyp. :yfglo k x/ln] 36gfnfO{ udel/ kdf glnpkl5 cfkmgtsf] ;xof]udf kll8t aflnsfn] lhnnf k x/l sfof{no ;'g;/ldf hah{:tl s/0fl s;'/df!* h]7df ls6fgl hfx] /L btf{ u/fpsl l5g\. lhnnf k x/l sfof{nosf ;"rgf clwsf/l l8p;kl g/ ]Gb sfsl{n] anftsf/ 36gfnfO{ z"go ;xgzlntfdf /fv] / d'2f btf{ u/fp/ km/f/ cf/f]klsf] vf]hl eo/x]sf] atfp. btf{ eo;s]sf] d'2f s;}n] ldnfpg rfx] / klg ldnfpg g;lsg] pgsf] egfo 5. s'g} klg axfgfdf s;}n] klg anftsf/ 36gf ldnfkq u/fpg gkfpg] pgn] atfp. s;}n] k x/lnfo{ abgfd u/fpg vf]lh/x]sf xf]nfg\, t/ xfdl s'g} xfntdf ldnfkq x'g lbb}gf}, s;'/ ug] {nfo{ sfg'gl ;hfo lbnfp/ } 5f8\5f},Ú pgn] eg]. dbg e08f/l / +uzfnfsf] 6]G8/d} ljjfb / +uzfnfsf] of] hgf klxn] b] lv g} ljjfbdf kb{} cfpsf] 5.!) jif{cl3 g} emfkfsf] sdn ufpkflnsf % df cflbjf;l / +uzfnf lgdf{0fsf nflu Toxf lrxfg;d] t x6fpg] sfd epsf] lyof]. )^& j} zfvdf ttsfnlg / IffdGqL / x] sl / fi6«klt ljbfb] jl e08f/ Laf6 lznfgof;;d] t eo;s] sf] lyof]. Tof] of] hgf / 2 u/ L xfn bdsdf dbg e08f/ Lsf] gfddf / +uzfnf : yfkgf ug{ nfu] kl5 : yfglo cflbjf;l hghflt cfqmf] lzt 5g\. ljjfbsf] qmddf 6] G8/ sf] ljjfb klg ylkpsf] 5. bds # xd;] b'd;] df ;fd'bflos jg / x] sf] If] qdf / +uzfnf lgdf{0f ug{ nflupsf] df Toxf;d] t huufsf] ljjfb 5. lduf} {nfkll8t yfkfnfo{ cd]l/sfaf6 ;xof]u lgif]wf1fel/ h]l;hn] c:ktfn / 3/ nfg] n}hfg] ul/lbg] gof klqsf h] 7 l/ l;ª ufpkflnsf! sf] OlbdsL lduf{} nfkll8t dlgdfof yfkfnfo{ cd] l/ sfaf6 ;xof] u k fkt epsf] 5. k"jl{gjnk/ f;l : yfol 3/ eo{ xfn cd] l/ sf a: b} cfpsf 6] s yfkfn] dlgdfofnfo{!! xhf/ kfr ;o tl;?k} of ;xof] u u/ ] sf x'g\. ;f]daf/ ;xof] u / sd gof klqsfsdl{ pk] Gb vgfnn] lduf} {nfkll8t dlgdfof / h]7f] 5f] /f nfnaxfb'/ yfkfnfo{ zq'3g d~h' 8fonfOl;; o'lg6sf OGrfh{ z}n]z kl08tsf] /f]xa/df x:tfgt/0f u/ jif{b]lv cd]l/sf a: b} cfpsf yfkf k] ;fn] cfo6l OlGhlgo/ x'g\. la/fdl yfkfsf] pkrf/df ;xof]u k'ug] p2]zon] cfly{s ;xof]u u/ ]sf] atfp. sf]le8sf sf/0f htftt} lgif] wf1f 5. ;jf/ L;fwg klg rnb} gg\. To;df klg u fdl0f e] udf PDa'n] G;sf] ;d] t cefj 5, h;sf sf/0f dlgdfofnfo{ 8fonfOl;; u/fpg lx8] / bdf}nl Nofpg'kg] { afwotf 5. pgsf] cfly{s cj: yf klg sdhf] / epsf] gof klqsfdf ;dfrf/ k9] / yfxf kfp. To;} n] yf] /} ep klg ;xof] u ug] { OR5f epsfn] k} ;f k7fpsf] x',ú pgn] eg], kf} li6s cfxf/ vfg pqm / sdn] yf] /} ep klg ;xof] u k'ug] ljzjf; 5.Ú 8fonfOl;; u/ fpg >LdtLnfO{ ;ft 3G6f af]s] / Nofpg] n}hfg] u5{g\ ltnaxfb'/ Ú zlif{sdf z'qmaf/ gof klqsfdf ;dfrf/ k sflzt epsf] lyof]. ;xof] u / sd k fkt u/ ]kl5 dlgdfofn] la/fgf] b]zaf6 ;d]t cfkm\gf] pkrf/sf nflu ;xof]u h'6]sf]df v';l JoQm ul/g\. k To]s ;f]daf/ / laxlaf/ 8fonfOl;;sf nflu bdf} nl cfpg'k5{. 3/sf] cfly{s cj:yf klg sdhf] / 5. hflu/ s;}sf] 5} g. 5f] / fx s[lif u5{g\. v] taf/ Laf6 pahgl epsf] cggaf6 hlljsf] kfh{g ug'{kg] { afwotf 5. >Ldfg\ j[4 x'g'eof]. d klg la/fdl 5'. >Ldfg\sf] d] /f] x] /ljrf/ ub} {df lbg lat5,ú pgn] elgg\, 8fonfOl;; u/ fpg] lbg tlg 3G6f af] s] / c: ktfn k' ofpg'x'g5.ú yfkfsf] b'j} lduf} {nf km] n 5. pgnfo{ 8fonfOl;; u/ fpg xktfsf] b'o{ lbg bdf} nl c: ktfn Nofpg'k5{. cfly{s cj: yf klg sdhf] / / lgif] wf1f epsf sf/ 0f >Ldfg\ ltnaxfb'/n] >LdtLnfO{ af]s] /} 8fonfOl;; u/fpg Nofpg] nfg] u/ ]sf 5g\. Jof; gu/ h]l;hn] yfkfsf] pkrf/ df ;xof] u ug] { epsf] 5. h]l;hn] lgif]wf1fel/ 8fonfOl;; u/fpg Nofpg] n}hfg] Joj:yf ul/lbg] cwoif nidleqm vgfnn] atfp. xfdlnfo{ pxfx sf] cj: yf o: tf] boglo 5 egg] yfxf lypg, ;dfrf/ cfpkl5 yfxf kfof}. 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To;kl5 xfdln] gub ^ xhf/ Ps ;o?k} of k bfg u of}. pxf 3/ hfg cfpg rfx]sf j]nf lgif]wf1fsf] ;dodf ;xof]u ug] { k lta4tf hgfpsf 5f}.Ú tfdfª;u} c:ktfndf 8fonfOl;; u/fo/x]sf gjnk/f;lsf eldaxfb'/ du/, uf]/vfsf s0f{axfb'/ u'?ª / tgx' b] j3f6sf wgaxfb'/ u'?ªnfo{ klg cf}iflw / laxfg a] n'sfsf] vfgf ;xof]u: j k lgmz'ns k bfg ul/ g] epsf] 5. a]6/ lrtjgsf ;+:yfks ;+of]hs OlGhlgo/ ;fu/ sfsl{n] tfdfª;u} lrtjg d]l8sn sn]h -l;pd;l_d} a;] / 8fonfOl;; u/fpb} cfpsf cgo tlghgfnfo{ k};f lt/ ]/ vl/b ug' {kg]{ cfjzos cf}iflw lgmz'ns pknaw u/ fpsf] atfp. xfdln] rf/ hgfsf nflu laxfg a]n'sfsf] lgmz'ns vfgfsf] Joj:yf u/ ]sf 5f},Ú pgn] eg].

4 { ' Ps csf{df ;+jfb ubf{ 4 h]7 )&* sf] /f]gflj?4 ;r]tgf df:s k of]u u/f} ;DkfbsLo ptfsf af]n;f]gf/f] / otfsf cf]nl otfsf k wfgdgql cf]nln] em} ptfsf af]n;f]gf/f]n] sdtldf /fli6«o cl:dtfdfly v]naf8rflx u/]sf 5}gg\ ;/sf/sf] ;sf/ftds kxn ;/sf/n] ;fdflhs ;'/Iff sf]ifsf] bfo/f a9fpg] lg0f{o u/]sf] 5. p;n] gllt g} agfp/ sf]ifdf hddf ug' {kg] { b'o{ dlxgfsf] /sd Joxf]l/lbg] epsf] 5. of] o;cl3 g} ;f] of]hgfdf ;fd]n eo;s]sf >ldssf nflu sf]/f]gfsfnlg /fxt epsf] 5. o;af6 clxn];dd o:tf] sfo{qmddf ;fd]n gepsf ;+:yf / JolQmx klg o;tkm{ cfslif{t x'g ;S5g\. o;af6 ;+ul7t Joj;foLnfO{ of]hgfdf ;fd]n x'g bafa a9]sf] 5. ;fdflhs ;'/Iff sf]ifsf] of]hgf / To;df sfdbf/ of sd{rf/lnfo{ ;fd]n ug] { of]hgf ;/sf/sf] bl3{sfnlg /f0fgllts} Pp6f lx:;f xf]. ;fdflhs ;'/Iff sf]ifdf lgoldt kdf JolQmn] cfkm\gf] sdfo hddf ug] {, sfddf nufpg] ;+:yfn] yk of]ubfg ug] { x' bf pglx sf] lgj[lqe/0fsf] ;do cfpkl5 ;/sf/ / sfd lbg] ;+:yfnfo{ vr{sf] bafa kb} {g. clxn] g} j[4 tyf czqmn] kfpg] ;fdflhs ;'/Iff eqf;lxt ;/sf/n] lbg] ;xof]usf] ef/ a9\b} upsf] 5. dflg;sf] cf};t cfo' ylkb} g} hfg5. To;}cg';f/ ;'ljwf klg a9fpb} nfbf kg] { ef/ gful/s cfkm} / pglx nfo{ sfddf nufpg] ;+:yf;u ;fem]bf/l ug] { p2]zon] of] sfo{qmd NofOPsf] xf]. o;n] cfktsfnlg cj:yf, cnksfnlg a]/f]huf/l, cf}iflw pkrf/ / j[4fj:yf w]/}lt/ nlift u/]sf] 5. cfkm} df of] lg0f{o ;sf/ftds xf]. kl5nnf] csf{ ] lg0f{ocg';f/ ca cgf}krfl/s If]qdf sfd ug] { of :j/f]huf/ JolQmx n] ;d]t o:tf] sf]ifdf ;fd]n x'g kfpg] epsf 5g\. o;n] ;+ul7t If]qdf lgoldt sfd ug] {x dfq xf]og, cgf}krfl/s If]qdf sfd ug] {b]lv ljlegg Joj;fodf /x]sf :j/f]huf/ JolQmnfO{ ;d]t eljiosf] ;'/Iff of]hgf cfkm} agfpg, To;cg';f/sf] art ub} { hfg / cfkm"nfo{ cfkm} n] ;'/Iff ug{ ;Ifd agfp5. g]kfndf ;/sf/n] p7fpg] of k fkt ug] { /fh:jsf] cfsf/ a;] {lg a9\b} up klg To;n] ;/sf/sf ;fdflhs bflotj k"/f ;fdflhs ;'/Iff sf]ifdf hddf ug] { cfsf/ lno;s]sf] 5}g. clxn] g} ug' {kg]{ b'o{ dlxgfsf] /sd klg ;fwf/0f vr{ ljsf; vr{egbf b'o{u'gf a9l 5, ha ls clxn] klg cfly{s ljsf;sf d'vo d]?b08 dflgg] Joxf]l/lbg] / cgf}krfl/s If]qdf sfd ug]{ of :j/f]huf/ JolQmn] ;d]t sf]ifdf ;fd]n x'g kfpg] ;/sf/sf] lg0f{o ;sf/ftds 5 k"jf{wff/sf If]qdf nufgl a9fpg'kg] cfjzostf 5. ;/sf/sf] /fh:jn] ;fwf/0f vr{ klg wfgg g;sg] cj:yf 5. ljsf; vr{ k"/} C0f lnp/ rnfog5. csf{lt/ cfwfegbf a9l kl/jf/sf] ] cfo:tf art ug{ gk'ug] u/l yf]/} 5. art ug{ g;sg]x n] pd]/ 9Ns]/ ;':tfpg yfn]kl5 b}lgs cfo:tf ug] { Ifdtf klg u'dfp5g\. o;/l g cfo:tf, g k]g;g x'g]x n] j[4fj:yfdf kl/jf/sf cgo ;b:olt/ k"/} cfl>t x'g'k5{. t/, kl/jf/sf sdfpg] pd]/sf ;b:osf klg cfkm\g} b'mv x'g5g\. ltgsf] a9l ef/ afnarrf x'sf{pg, k9fpg / b}lgs vr{ rnfpgdf k/]sf] x'g5. cf]vtld'nf], ;fdflhs Jojxf/df ;xeflutf / b}lgs vr{sf] ef/ y]ug w]/}nfo{ d'l:sn kg] { epkl5 j[4fj:yf af]lemnf] ag5. wd{sd{ ug' {, tly{j t hfg', e d0f ug' {, ctofjzos pkef]uo ;fdfg lsgg' klg Psk sf/sf] ;f]v agg hfg5. j[4fj:yfdf o:tf] c;xhtf cfpg glbg art ug' { / o:tf] ;fdflhs ;'/Iff sf]ifdf ;fd]n x'g' lgs} dxtjk"0f{ 5. o;df ;/sf/n] lglzrt /sd of]ubfg ul/lbg] Joj:yf ug{ ;s] k sf/fgt/n] xfd f ;a} gful/ssf] j[4fj:yf ;Ddfghgs x'g]5, ;/sf/ / kl/jf/ b'j}sf] ef/ klg 36\g]5. of] /fd f] k of; xf], ;s];dd w]/} dfg5] o;df ;fd]n epsf] /fd f]. cu n]v u'?/fh l3ld/] clxn] a flhn cfgbf]ngdo 5. Toxfsf clwsf+z ;x/df /fi6«klt h}/ af]n;f]gf/f]lj?4 7'N7"nf k bz{g eo/x]sf 5g\. sf]le8!( h:tf] eofgs ljzj dxfdf/lk lt gh/cgbfh u/l df:s, vf]k gnufpg], ef}lts b"/l sfod gug]{ / s'g} ;fjwfgl gckgfpg] /fi6«kltsf] u}/lhdd]jf/ e"ldsfsf sf/0f cfh;dd ;f9] rf/ nfvegbf a9l a flhlnofnl gful/sn] cfˆgf] cd"no hljg u'dfo;s]sf 5g\. o;sf] bf]ifl ;f]em} af]n;f]gf/f] b]lvpsf 5g\ / pgllj?4 dxfleof]u nufpg'kg]{ ;zqm cfjfh pl7/x]sf] 5. of] :jfefljs hgcfqmf]z xf] / gful/ssf] :jf:yodfly v]naf8 ug]{ / :jf:yo dfkb08 gckgfpg] /fi6«klt lglzrt kdf bf]ifl x'g\. o:tf] s'sd{ ug]{ /fi6«k d'v lsg lhdd]jf/ kbdf al;/xg] < a flhlnog gful/ssf] ljj]szln cfjfh xf] of]. o:tf] cfjfh pl7/x] af]n;f]gf/f]n] clgjfo{ kdf kbtofu ug{'kg]{5 / hglj/f]wl zf;sn] kbro't x'g'kg]{5. Toxf eo/x]sf k bz{gn] o:t} nif0f b]vfpsf 5g\. cd]l/sfsf lgjt{dfg /fi6«klt 8f]gfN8 6«Dksf] s'zf;gsf] kl/0ffd / d"no cd]l/sl ;dfhn] slt em]nnf of r'sfpnf, l/klansg kf6l{n] t t'?gt} r'sfpg'k/]sf] lgs6 ljut xfdl;u 5. df epsf] j;gt ljb f]xsf] lemnsf] 6\o'lgl;ofdf b]lvp/ dwok"j{df km}lnpkl5 6\o'lg; /fi6«klt j]g cnl / xf]:gl d'af/s dfq xf]og, cab'nnf kmt]x / s0f]{n u2fkmlh:tf zf;s ;dfkt epsf lyp. ca a flhnsf] lemnsf] sxf;dd km}lng] xf], yfxf 5}g, t/ Toxf dfq ;Lldt kss} /xg]5}g. g]kfnnfo{ ljzj;fd' :jtgq, ;fj{ef}d, cv08 / :jfledfgl /fi6«sf kdf peofpg ljutdf nfdf] ;do;dd xfd f cu hn] lgs} 7"nf] ;+3if{ ug{'k/]sf] lyof]. of] ;+3if{ cfhko{gt rln/x]sf] 5. g]kfnsf] c9fo{ ;o jif{egbf nfdf] cfw'lgs Oltxf;tkm{ b[li6kft ubf{ ;g\!*!^ sf] ;'uf}nl ;lgwkzrft\ ljb]zl /fi6«x af6 ef}lts cfqmd0f gep klg cfly{s, ;f+:s[lts, ;fdflhs tyf /fhgllts kdf lg/gt/ x'g] u/]sf cfqmd0fn] g]kfnnfo{ Psk sf/n] lynlynf] g} t'nofpsf] 5. l5d]sl /fi6«ef/taf6 tlglt/ / Psftkm{ rlgaf6 3]l/Psf] g]kfnn] cfˆgf] cgt/f{li6«o dfgotf k fkt ef}uf]lns l;dfgfsf] ;'/Iffdf ;d]t prr hf]lvd / k tf8gf em]ln/x]sf] 5. cfˆgf] k fs[lts ;Dkbfsf] ef]urngdf ;d]t :jtgqtf u'dfpsf sltko b[i6fgtn] g]kfnnfo{ lg/gt/ kf]ln g} /x]sf] 5. ljzjsf cl3lnt/ ul/a tyf lgwf]{ /fi6«sf kdf pkl:yt g]kfnn] lz/ 7f8f] kf/]/ :jfledfgk"j{s pleg cem} slt ;do s'g{'kg]{ xf], egg ;lsg] cj:yf 5}g. oxf a flhnsf] k ;+u lsg cfof] t < of] t gful/s :jf:yosf] ;Gbe{ dfq xf]. ha /fi6«s} :jf:yo tndfly x'g nfuof] eg] s] ug]{ < o; ljifodf ;a} g]kfnl Psk6s 3f]lTng} kg]{ udel/ cj:yfdf xfdl 5f}. 7"nf] jl/tf, zf}o{ tyf alnbfgaf6 lgdf{0f epsf] /fi6«lsg 7"nf / zlqmzfnl /fi6«af6 lg/gt/ x]lkg'kg]{ / cfgtl/s kdf klg zf;gdf k'u]sf JolQmx u}/lhdd]jf/ x'g] b'ef{uo lsg bf]xf]l/o/xg] h:tf k]lrnf k Zg xfd f cl3lnt/ 5g\. afx\o x:tif]k g]kfnh:tf e"kl/j]li6t /fi6«sf] lgolt / lgoldt :jfefljstf ag]sf] 5. t/, o;nfo{ ;+:yfut ug]{ sfdsf] sf/s sf] xf] jf s;n] u of] < alnof l5d]slsf] af/daf/sf] x:tif]knfo{ k f]t;fxg ug]{ sfd ss;n] u/]sf x'g\ < cem v'n:t kdf egg'kbf{ g]kfnsf] cfgtl/s /fhglltdf aflxl/of rnv]n lgdtofpg] jf cfdgq0f ug]{ sfd lsg x'g5 < o;sf] l5gf]kmfgf] ug{'kg]{ 68\sf/f] P]ltxfl;s cfjzostf b]lvpsf] 5. a flhndf t Toxfsf hgtfsf] :jf:yodfly dfq v]naf8 eof], t/ g]kfndf t gful/s :jf:yo dfq xf]og, b]zsf] ;fj{ef}d;qf / :jtgqtfdfly ;d]t v]naf8 ug]{ b':;fx; epsf] 5. o;sf nflu xfdln] ;fot x]/]/ a:g ldn5 < cfh g]kfnl hgtfn] sf]/f]gf sx/ t em]ln/x]s} 5g\. ;fy;fy}, /fi6«sf] cl:ttj g} d]6\g] eofgs / vt/gfs v]n klg oxf ;Qfaf6} rln/x]sf] 5. d'n'ssf] ;+ljwfgsf] ;+/If0f, kfngf / sfof{gjog ug]{ klxnf] ;+:yf s'g xf] < olb Tof] cfˆgf] lhdd]jf/ldf af/daf/ r's5 eg] /f]sg] s;n] < b]zsf] sfo{sf/ln] ;+ljwfgadf]lhd zky lng' gkg]{ s:tf] c/fhstf xf] < o:tf] ljifodf Gofofno gaf]ng] s:tf] lj8dagf xf] < ;+j}wflgs e"ldsfdf /x]sf] /fi6«k d'vn] csf]{ b]zsf] sfo{sf/l /fi6«k d'vnfo{ /fi6«sf] tkm{af6 kq n]vg] of ;xof]usf] cf}krfl/s cfu x ug]{ of u/fpg] s:tf] ceof; xf] < o;f] ug{ kfog5 < ;+ljwfgn] /fv]sf] yfgsf]df ;a} a:g'kb}{g < clg o:tf] ljifodf c bn af]ng'k5{ ls kb}{g < Pskl5 csf]{ k Zg v8f x'b} upsf 5g\. g]kfn PsLs/0fsf ;"qwf/ zfx /fhfx sf] :j]r5frf/nfo{ ;xg g;sg] hgtfn] r'gfjl kl/0ffdaf6 pbfpsf cfjlws of DofbL zf;ssf] dgk/ltgqrflx lsg / sltgh]n ;xg] < g]kfndf oltj]nf ;/sf/ g} 5}g egbf cltzof]lqm x'g]5}g. ;/sf/ epsf] ep hgtfn] o;/l c;'/lift dx;'; ug]{ lypgg\. lgjf{rgaf6 ax'dt NofPsf] bn IftljIft\ 5. ;+;b\df ax'dt u'dfpsf JolQm k wfgdgqlsf] s';l{df hah{:tl cf;lg 5g\. pgn] ;+ljwfg, sfg'g s]xl dfgg'kb}{g. wf/f &^-!_ b]lv -%_ ;Ddsf k wfgdgql lgo'lqmsf Joj:yfdf pgs} Psnf}6L bfal 5. zky lnbf b]z / hgtfsf] gfddf k lt1f ug{'kb}{g. pn6} cwofb]zaf6 zkysf] Joxf]/f ablng5. ;+;f/df o:tf] sxf x'g5 < tyflk k wfgdgqlsf] s';l{df ToxL JolQm cf;lg eo/xg5. g]kfndf c;+j}wflgs kdf bf]; f]k6s k ltlglw;efsf] xtof ul/psf] 5. of] ut kmfu'gdf ;jf]{rr cbfntn] k ltlglw;ef lj36glj?4 u/]sf] km};nfsf] efjgf / dd{k lts"n b':;fxl;s sbd xf]. Tolt dfq xf]og, ;+;b\ df;]/, ;+ljwfgnfo{ lynlynf] kf/]/ clg nf]stflgqs zf;g k 0ffnLnfO{ IftljIft\ agfp/ ;Qfdfly sahf hdfo/xg] cf]nlk j[lq tfgfzfxlsf] kl5nnf] blif0f Pl;ofnL ;+:s/0f xf]. cem To;dfly dlgqkl/ifb\ k'gu{7gdf b]lvpsf] /fhgllts gugtfn] x/sf]xl ;r]t g]kfnlnfo{ g/fd /L em:sfpsf] 5. kxf8df a;]/ t/fo{ dw];nfo{ ufnl ug]{ pu /fi6«jfb / t/fo{df a;]/ kxf8k lt 3[0ff cf]sng] pu dw];jfb, hf] k sf/fgt/n] cj;/jfb x'g\, sf] gfle hf]l8psf] :ki6 epsf] 5. o;n] g]kfnsf] kl5nnf] /fhgllts kl/jt{gnfo{ c;kmn agfo{ /fhgllts k ltudg ;'? ug]{ b'j}y/l cltjfbsf] ;'lgof]lht if8\ogq / u'?of]hgf rl/tfy{ epsf] 5. of] ljutsf] /fhtgqegbf 8/nfUbf] k j[lq xf]. o:tf] hfqf slxn];dd x]l//xg'kg]{ < g]kfn PsLs/0fsf ;"qwf/ zfx /fhfx sf] :j]r5frf/nfo{ ;xg g;sg] hgtfn] r'gfjl kl/0ffdaf6 pbfpsf cfjlws of DofbL zf;ssf] dgk/ltgq rflx lsg / sltgh]n ;xg] < ca tby{jfbl lrgtg / Jojxf/n] /fhsfh rnb}g. a flhndf h:tf] hgtfsf] :jf:yok ltsf] r/d nfk/afxl g} ;/sf/ ktg x'g'kg]{ kof{kt sf/0f xf]. To;dfly ;+ljwfgsf] 7f8f] pnn+3g / /fli6«o cl:dtfdflysf] v]naf8 csf]{ h3go sf/0f xf]. olt w]/} u}/lhdd]jf/lsf] rfªdf l3l6l36l ;f; km]l//x]sf] ;/sf/lj?4 hfonfug yk hf]vfgf x]l//xg' cfjzos 5}g. g]kfnl ;dfh kv{ / x]/sf] k j[lqn] ufh]sf] k/dk/fjfbl ;dfh xf]. csf]{ s'/f t'ngftds kdf clt g} ;xgzln ;dfh klg xf]. gfs;dd kfgl gcfpgh]n of] ;dfh r6k6fpb}g. a? knfogsf] af6f] /f]h5, k ltlqmof lbb}g. oxl ep/ o; ;dfhleqsf rnfv dflg;n] /fhosf] ;fwg / ; f]tnfo{ ctolws bf]xg u/]. of] l;nl;nf PsLs/0fnuQ} ;'? eof]. k/dk/fut ;fdgtjfbl Joj:yfdf ;Lldt ttj jf ;+:yfn] ;dfhnfo{ r':g] sfd u of] eg] ttkzrft k / cfj/0f ablnpsf] ;fdgtl k j[lqsf cg]s ;+:s/0fn] bf]xg u/], h;sf] kl5nnf] s8l jt{dfg ;/sf/ xf]. Pp6f s'/f xfdln] k :6 a' g'k5{, dfwod /fd f] ep klg kl/0ffd ;w} ultnf] gcfpg ;S5. w"t{ ;+:yf jf kfqn] c;n dfwodsf] b'?kof]u u/]sf] x'g ;S5. g]kfn af/daf/ o; k j[lqsf] l;sf/ epsf] 5. cfh xfdl To;}sf] rk]6fdf 5f}. To;}n] ca s;}n] klg ;fdfgo kdf ;f]r]/ jf cf};t e"ldsf lgefp/ k'ub}g. b]z / hgtfnfo{ cfˆgf] If' :jfy{sf lgldt af/daf/ b'?kof]u u/l lynlynf] agfpg] k j[lqlj?4 lg0ff{os k lt/f]w ug{'kg]{ ;do cfpsf] 5. o;sf nflu xfdl;u kof{kt ;do 5}g. /fhglltsf] jt{dfg kl/b[zodf ;dsfnlg ultljlw /fli6«o cfjzostfadf]lhdsf k6ss} 5}gg\. clxn] b]lvpsf ljlegg ;+s6af6 b]znfo{ hf]ufp/ cl3 a9fpg cfnzosf/l ;gftgl e"ldsf kof{kt x'b}g. jt{dfg cf]nl ;/sf/n] l;h{gf u/]sf] ljlwljxlgtfn] /fli6«o cl:ttjdfly udel/ v]naf8 u/]sf] 5. s'/f :jf:yo ;+s6sf] dfq 5}g, ljifo nf]stgq / ;+ljwfgsf] dfq 5}g. oxf t g]kfnsf] eljionfo{ hf]lvddf kfg]{ v'nf ceof; k f/de epsf] 5, h;n] d'emf{psf] k'/fgf] l;nl;nfnfo{ k'ghf{lu t t'nofpsf] 5. kbf{leq / aflx/ gflr/x]sf kfqx n] o;nfo{ k'li6 u/]sf 5g\. Pp6f :jfledfgl g]kfnln] o:tf] rf]6nfo{ s;/l ;xg ;S5 < xfd f] /fli6«o cl:ttj ;s]/ klg n]g8'ksf] cf]xf]bf / ;'ljwfnfo{ hljgsf] dxfg\ p2]zo / ;kmntf 7fGg] kfq / k j[lq xfd } cufl8 7l8Psf] 5. o;sf] lg;fgf xfdllt/} ;f]lempsf] 5. o;nfo{ /fli6«o / P]ltxfl;s cfjzostfsf] w/ftndf plep/ cfˆgf] a'l4dqf / ljj]sn] 6fg{ ;Sg'k5{. xfd f] ;+s6;fd' a flhlnog hgtfsf] ;+s6 k6ss} 7"nf] xf]og. otfsf k wfgdgql cf]nln] em} ptfsf af]n;f]gf/f]n] sdtldf /fli6«o cl:dtfdfly v]naf8 rflx u/]sf 5}gg\. pgsf] ax'n7\7lkgf 8f]gfN8 6«Dksf] gof ;+:s/0f dfq xf]. t/, xfdln] em]ln/x]sf] ;+s6 ;dod} lgogq0f ul/pg eg] lgs6 eljiodf ljzj dfglrqdf c+lst o; e"uf]ndf csnkglo 36gf 36\g]5, h;sf sf/0f / dltof/ xfdl;d]t x'g]5f}+. lsg ljjfbdf k of] a flhndf x'g] sf]kf cd]l/sf < a flhnsf] /fli6«o 6f]nL;d]t sf]le8 ;+s6alr b]zleq sf]kf cd]l/sf km'6an cfof]hgf x'g nfu]sfdf c;gt'i6 b]lvg5 b]z ljb]z Uof/L dlgf3g P:6fl8of] DofgL ufl/grf km'6an /+uzfnf a flhnsf /fi6«klt h}/ af]n;f]gf/f]sf] sfof{noaf6} b]lvg5. s'g} cj/f]w cfpg eg] emg8} Ps ;ftfkl5 To; /+uzfnfdf sf]kf cd]l/sfsf] pb\3f6g v]n x'b} 5. t/, k ltof]lutfdfly ljlegg k Zg pl7/x]sf 5g\. o;}sf/0f cgt/f{li6«o km'6an k ltof]lutfdwo] ;a}egbf k'/fgf] sf]kf cd]l/sfsf] kl5nnf] ;+:s/0fnfo{ xfn;dds} ;a}egbf ljjfbf:kb / /fhglltn] ufh]sf] ;+:s/0f dflgpsf] 5. cl3nnf] dlxgf;dd k ltof]lutfnfo{ sf]nldaof / ch]{lg6gfn] ;+o'qm kdf cfof]hgf ug]{ rrf{ lyof]. t/, clgtd ;dolt/ cfp/ sf]nldaofn] cfˆgf] b]zdf km}lnpsf] /fhgllts k bz{g / cl:y/tfnfo{ sf/0f b]vfp/ cfˆgf] efudf k/]sf v]nx cfof]hgf ug{ g;sg] d]df sf]nldaofsf] o:tf] 3f]if0ff cfpsf] bz lbgkl5 ch]{lg6gfn] klg b]zdf PSsfl; a9]sf] sf]le8sf sf/0f v]n cfof]hssf] gfdaf6 xft lemsof]. ch]{lg6gfsf] o; 3G6fleq} sf]le8n] ctogt k efljt a flhnnfo{ cfktsfnlg cfof]hs 3f]if0ff ul//x\of]. blif0f cd]l/sl km'6ansf] k zf;lgs lgsfo sf]gd]af]nsf cwoif Pn]hfGb f] 8f]ldGu]hn] l6\j6/dfkm{t k ltof]lutf ep/} 5f8\g] n]v]sf lyp. a flhnsf] /fli6«o l6d cfkm} g} b]zleq sf]kf cfof]hgflj?4 b]lvpsf] 5. z'qmaf/ OSj]8/dfly lht xfl;n u/]kl5 a flhnsf SofK6]g Sof;]ld/f]n] b]zsf] sf]le8sf] l:ylt x]/]/ cfˆgf v]nf8l k ltof]lutfdf ;xeful x'g grfx]sf] atfp. rlr{t km'6an :6f/x ch]{lg6gfsf ;lu{of] cluj/f] / o'?uj]sf n'oh :jf/]hn] a flhndf v]n cfof]hgf x'bfsf vt/faf/] lrgtf hfx]/ u/]sf 5g\. lrnlsf] /fli6«o l6dn] klg k ltof]lutf alxisf/ ug]{ ;Defjgfaf/] ;f]lr/x]sf] atfpsf] 5. 8f]ldGu]hsf] l6\j6nuq} k ltof]lutfsf] nf]uf]df slkmg / efo/; hf]l8psf lddx Jofks eo/x]sf 5g\. emg8}!) s/f]8 8n/sf] 6]lnlehg clwsf/ laqml eo;s]sf] cj:yfdf blif0f cd]l/sl km'6an ;+3 k ltof]lutnfo{ yk csf]{ jif{ ;fg{ tof/ 5}g. a flhnsf] cf] Unf]af] ;dfrf/kqsf] vf]hcg';f/ k ltof]lutf cfof]hgf ug{ 5gf]6 ul/psf rf/ ;x/sf k ltztegbf sd cfol;o' a]8 5g\. 7"nf k ltof]lutf cfof]hgf x'bf dflg;nfo{ ;a} s'/f 7Ls eo;sof] egg] k5{. dxfdf/laf6 u l;t d'n'sdf o:tf] ;Gb]z k efljt eof] eg] l:ylt lgogq0faflx/ hfg] ;Defjgf x'g5. dxfdf/l gx'bf] xf] t a flhn k ltof]lutfsf] cfktsfnlg cfof]hs :ynsf kdf ;xl 5gf]6 x'g] lyof]. km'6an k ltof]lutfsf nflu a flhndf o; If]qs} pts[i6 k"jfwf{/ 5g\. sf]gd]af]nn] k ltof]lutf ;'? x'g'cl3 g} ;a} l6dsf k ltlglwnfo{ rlgdf lgdf{0f epsf] l;gf]eofssf] %) xhf/ vf]k nufpg] ts{ u/]sf] 5. t/, o;sf a flhndf sf]kf cd]l/sf cfof]hgf ug]{ lg0f{o u/]/ af]n;f]gf/f]n] cfˆgf] ;/sf/n] dxfdf/l lgogq0fdf u/]sf untlaf6 hgtfsf] Wofg cgoq df]8\g vf]h]sf 5g\ nflu lgs} yf]/} ;do dfq afsl 5. vf]ksf b'o{ 8f]haLr tlg ;ftfsf] ;do x'g'kg]{ atfopsf] 5. t/, v]n ;'? x'g Ps ;ftf dfq afsl 5. /, vf]k km'6an l6dnfo{ dfq nufp/ k'ub}g. pglx a:g] xf]6]n tyf /]:6'/]G6, ltgnfo{ 3'dlkm/ u/fpg] oftfoft >lds / k ltof]lutfdf ljlegg sfo{df ;3fpg] ;xof]ulnfo{ klg cfjzos x'g5. km'6an k ltof]lutf cfof]hgf ug]{ lg0f{o af]n;f]gf/f]nfo{ dxfleof]u nufpg'kg]{ dfu p7]sf] Ps ;ftfleq cfpsf] 5. s]xl ;docl3 a flhnsf emg8} b'o{ ;o ;x/df xhf/f} dflg; ;8sdf plqp/ /fi6«kltnfo{ x6fpg'kg]{ dfu /fv]sf lyp. af]n;f]gf/f]n] af/daf/ sf]/f]gf efo/;nfo{ xnsf lnb} cfpsf 5g\. o;n] klg pgllj?4 hgtfx cfqmf]lzt 5g\. sf]kf cd]l/sf k ltof]lutf cfof]hgf ug{ lbg] af]n;f]gf/f]sf] lg0f{olj?4 ljkifl /fhgllt1 ;jf]{rr cbfnt k'u]sf 5g\. pglx n] a flhnsf] :jf:yo l:yltnfo{ dwogh/ ub}{ k ltof]lutf /2 ug{ dfu u/]sf 5g\. b]zsf ljlegg /fhodf klg sfg'gl sf/afxlsf] dfu eo/x]sf 5g\. ljzn]ifsn] k ltof]lutf cfof]hgf ug]{ lg0f{o u/]/ af]n;f]gf/f]n] cfˆgf] ;/sf/n] dxfdf/l lgogq0fdf u/]sf c;kmntfaf6 Wofg cgoq df]8\g vf]h]sf] atfpsf 5g\. sfg'gl n8fosf] s]xl c;/ x'g ;Sg] ep klg lj1x n] o;}dfkm{t k ltof]lutf g} /2 x'g ;Sg]df cfz+sf JoQm u/]sf 5g\. ljz]iftm a flhndf ljlegg /fhgllts lg0f{odf d'2f dfldnf ep klg ltgn] tfltjs km/s kf/]sf] b]lvb}g. a flhn / a flhnsf hgtfn] km'6annfo{ prr dxtj lbg] ep klg clxn] dxfdf/ldfem k ltof]lutf cfof]hgf ug{ lbg'sf] ;fgble{stfdf eg] ;a} b]z kif / ljkifdf ljeflht epsf 5g\. -n]vs :jtgq kqsf/ x'g\_ cn hlh/faf6 k ] /s k ;+u rf]/sf] ljzjf; Ps ;fw' Psk6s sfdljz]ifn] gf}nf] ufpdf k'u]. Toxf pgsf kl/lrt sf]xl lypgg\. To;}n], /flqlj>fdsf nflu pgl Ps dlgb/sf] wd{zfnfdf k'u]. t/, wd{zfnfsf clwsf/ln] s'g} ufpn]sf] l;kmfl/;ljgf pgn] Toxf a:g gkfpg] atfp. ufpdf pgnfo{ lrgg] sf]xl lypgg\. To;}n] l;kmfl/; Nofpg ;Sg] s'/} epg. csf]{ dlgb/sf] wd{zfnfdf k'ubf klg pxl ;d:of bf]xf]l/of]. ;fw' ;+s6df k/]. /ft l5lkkb} lyof]. pgl af6f]sf] Ps s'gfdf pleo/x]sf lyp. Ps ckl/lrt dflg; Toxf cfok'uof]. ;fw'n] pml;t cfkm\gf] ;d:of atfp. p;n] egof] d tkfo{+sf] ;d:of a'em\5'. t/, d tkfo{+nfo{ s'g} l;kmfl/; lbg ;lsbg. lsgls, d of] ufpsf] gfd'b rf]/ x'. tkfo{+ rfxg'x'g5 eg] d]/f] 3/df a:g ;Sg'x'G5. ;fw' c;d~h;df k/]. rf]/sxf a:bf s;}n] yfxf kfp eg] s] ;f]rnfg\ < t/, csf]{ pkfo klg lypg. To;}n], afwotfjz pgl rf]/sxf a:g tof/ ep. pgnfo{ cfkm\gf] 3/df vfglkg / a;f]jf;sf] Joj:yf ldnfp/ rf]/ rf]/lsf nflu lgl:sof]. ef]lnkn6 laxfg dfq pm 3/ kmls{of]. pm lgs} v';l b]lvgyof]. p;n] egof] cfh ;kmntf xft nfu]g. s]xl 5}g, ef]ln cjzo} ;kmn x'g] 5'. rf]/ ep klg p;sf] Jojxf/ /fd f] lyof]. pm slxno} b'mvl b]lvggyof]. To;}n], cfkm\gf] sfd g;lspgh]n ;fw' ToxL a;]. rf]/ x/]s lbg rf]/l ug{ lgl:sgyof]. t/, ef]lnkn6 l/qf] xft kmls{gyof]. t/, slxno} b'mvl b]lvggyof]. hlxno} egyof] cfh ;kmn gep klg ef]ln kss} ;kmn x'g5'. cflv/ p;n] eg]h:t} Ps dlxgfkl5 p;n] ;frr} 7'n} dfn rf]/l ug{] ;kmntf kfof]. ;fw'n] ;f]r] rf]/l ug' { unt sd{ ep klg dfg5]n] cfkm\gf] sd{df ljzjf; /fvg] xf] eg] Ps g Ps lbg ;kmn eo5f8\bf] /x]5. km]l/ ljjfb lsg < ;jf]{rr cbfntn] GofofwLzx sf] jl/i7tfsf cfwf/df ;+j}wflgs Ohnf; u7g eo;s]kl5 To;nfO{ ;xif{ :jlsf/ ug'{sf] ;f6f] dxfgofoflwjqmfnufot ;/sf/ kifsf jlsnx n] lj/f]w u/]sf] ;'Gbf crdd nfuof]. ;jf]{rrsf] o;cl3sf] glh/;d]tnfo{ cfwf/ dfg]/ jl/i7tfsf cfwf/df Ohnf; u7g x'bf klg s;}n] d]/f] dfg5] k/]g of d]/f] kifdf km};nf ug]{ dfg5] k/]g eg]/ lj/f]w ug{ ldn5 / < km]l/ oxf t kll8t kifn] egbf klg kl8s -;/sf/l_ kifn] kf] of] of] GofofwLz rflxof] eg]/ /8fsf] ul//x]sf] 5. s] Gofofno eg]sf] s;}sf] O;f/fcg';f/ rng] ;+:yf xf] < s] JolQmsf] rfxgfsf cfwf/df cbfntsf GofofwLzsf] Ohnf; u7g x'g'kg]{ xf] < s] cbfntn] ;/sf/sf] thlah / lgb]{zgsf cfwf/df Gofo lg k0f ug' {kg]{ xf] < x}g eg] km]l/ of] ljjfb lsg < ;lrrt g]kfnl, 9'+u]c8\8f, sf7df8f}+ l6kk0fl n]vsf nflu M l6kk0flsf nflu M o:tf] /fhgllt slxn];dd < xfd f] b]zdf nfdf] ;dob]lv ljlegg ljrf/ / l;4fgtaf6 lgb]{lzt /fhgllts g]tfx n] ;Qf ;DxfNb} cfpsf 5g\. pglx n] ug]{ sfd, ug]{ lg0f{o / agfpg] glltn] b]z / xfdl hgtfsf] hljgdf lgs} 7"nf] kl/jt{g kfl//x]sf x'g5g\. t/, ;Qfdf k'ug] / b]zsf] zf;g;qf ;DxfNg] g]t[tjn] cfkm" / cfkm\gfsf] :jfy{k"lt{nfo{ klg Wofgdf /fv]/ sfd u/]sf] x'gfn] xfd f] b]z / xfdl hgtfsf] eljio cgwsf/do epsf] 5. cfh b]z sf]/f]gf ;+qmd0fsf] dxfdf/ldf g/fd /L km;]sf] 5. clxn] s]xl zfgt b]lvp klg s]xl ;docl3 c:ktfnx df z of / cls;hgsf] r/d cefj lyof]. cls;hg gkfp/ klg s}of}sf] Hofg uof]. t/, xfd f] ;Qfsf] g]t[tj ug]{x n] To;nfO{ klg ;fdfgo kd} lnpsf] b]lvof]. a? pn6} dxfdf/lsf] df}sf 5f]k]/ sld;gsf 7'N7"nf sllt{dfgl v]nx v]lnp. xfd f g]tfx n] /fhgllt 5f8]/ :jfy{gllt cufn]sf] x'gfn] g} b]z cfhsf] cj:yfdf k'u]sf] xf]. hgtfn] /f]uhf/l u'dfo/x]sf 5g\. ul/a hgtf ef]sef]s} dl//x]sf 5g\. sf]/f]gf ;+qmldtsf] pkrf/ t k/}sf] ljifo eof], klxrfgsf nflu x'g] k/lif0f;d]t ;j{;'ne 5}g. s] ;x/, s] ufp, ;j{q sf]/f]gfsf] sx/ km}lnpsf] 5. t/, xfd f] /fhgllts g]t[tj hgtfsf] k f0f/iffdf xf]og, cfkm\gf] s';l{/iffdf bf}8w'k ul//x]sf] 5. o:tf] /fhgllt slxn];dd < x]ds'df/ yfkf, eqmk'/ :jf:yo / z}lifs ;+:yfnfo{ dof{lbt agfcf} :jf:yo ;+:yf tyf :jf:yosdl{dfly x'g] b'jo{jxf/sf 36gf k6s k6s bf]xf]l/o/x]sf 5g\. t/, hlxno} kll8t kif cfj]zdf cfpbf o:tf] 36gf 36\g upsf] egb} To;nfO{ zfgt kfg]{ k of; ul/g5. o:tf]df kl5nnf] ;dodf o:tf b'jo{jxf/ tyf ef}lts cfqmd0fsf 36gfdf c+s'z nufpg] u/l ;/sf/n] NofPsf] cwofb]z -s}bo'qm ;hfo_ ctogt} :jfutof]uo b]lvg5. /fhosf] ef}uf]lns ;Ldfleq kg]{ k To]s cfdgful/ssf] ;]jf tyf ltgnfo{ ;'/Iff k Tofe"lt lbnfpg' /fhosf] bflotj xf]. zflgt ;'/Iffdf vnn k' ofpg] JolQm jf lu/f]xnfo{ bl08t ug{ nf]stgqdf ;/sf/sf] wd{ xf]. rf}al;} 3G6f :jf:yo ;]jfdf ;dlk{t ;+:yf tyf tl dxfg\ :jf:yosdl{sf] ;'/Iff k Tofe"lt x'g] u/l NofOPsf] sfg'gsf] :jfut ;a}n] ug}{k5{. t/ ef]lnsf lbgdf ;/sf/n] bl08t ul/xfn5 eg]/ pkrf/ ;]jfdf x'g] u}/lhdd]jf/ sfo{ / nfk/afxldf :jf:yosdl{nfo{ klg plqs} hjfkmb]xl agfpg cfjzos 5. lsgls, ljutdf xfdln] :jf:yo ;+:yf tyf :jf:yosdl{n] klg nfk/afxlk"j{s u}/lhdd]jf/ sfd u/]sf ;dfrf/ gk9]sf xf]ogf}. dfg5]nfo{ r]tgzln, ljj]sl, lzlift agfpg] eg]sf] klxn] p;sf dftflktfn] xf]. To;kl5, ltgsf u'?n] xf]. cyf{t\ z}lifs ;+:yf 1fg cfh{gsf] kljq dlgb/ g} xf]. clxn]sf] j}1flgs lziff k4lt, cfw'lgs ;dfh, b]z ljb]z / dfgjlotf s] xf] eg]/ l;sg] ynf] eg]sf ltg} ;/sf/l tyf ;+:yfut kf7zfnf g} x'g\. s] Toxf k9\g] ljbfyl{rflx ;'/lift xf]nfg\ < ljz]ifu/l ;/sf/l z}lifs ;+:yfdf st} ofn 9f]sfsf l;;f 5}gg\, 8]:s a]gr hl0f{, cjojl:yt / kmf]xf]/ x'g5g\. lgoldt k7gkf7g x' b}g. o:tf ljlegg sf/0fn] z}lifs ;+:yf / To; ;+:yfdf cwog/t ljbfyl{df k ToIf c;/ k5{. ljbfyl{df c;/ kg{ ' eg]sf] ;du k 0ffnLd} c;/ kg{ ' xf]. h;sf sf/0f ;dfhdf ljlegg 36gf kl/36gf eo/fv]sf x'g5g\. o:tf c/fhs ultljlw /f]sg jf cufdl lbgdf x'g glbg ;DalGwt lgsfo s] ub}{ 5 < To:tf c/fhs JolQm jf ;+:yf hf];'s} ep klg ltgnfo{ sfg'gl bfo/fdf Nofpg ;Sg'k5{. To;sf nflu sfg'g 5}g eg] ttsfn sfg'g agfcf}. z}lifs tyf :jf:yo ;+:yfnfo{ klg Jojl:yt / dof{lbt agfcf}. blk]z l;+hfnl du/, eqmk'/

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Ps /fho, ax'/fi6«nfo{ /fi6«/fhodf ljsf; gubf{;dd hfltx nfo{ /fhgllts, cfly{s / ;f+:s[lts If]qdf ;dfgtfsf] clwsf/ ;'lglzrt ug{ h?/l x'g5. o;sf nflu ptkll8t hftlo klxrfg;lxtsf] :jfoqtf / /fhosf ;a} lgsfo -hgk ltlglw;ef, sfo{kflnsf, cbfnt, k zf;g / ;'/Iff lgsfo cflb_x df hfltx sf] hg;+vofsf] cfwf/df ;dfg'kflts k ltlglwtjnfo{ /fi6«lgdf{0fsf] /0fgLlt agfpg'k5{. of] /0fgLlt k"0f{tm k"/f ug{] a'emfo / tfut ;fdgtjfb ;fd fhojfblj?4 /fli6«o d'lqm cfgbf]ngn] dfq /fv5. ;f+:s[lts / /fhgllts clwsf/n] hgdfpg] hgtfsf] Pstfn] /fho alnof] agfp5. h;n] :jfwlg, ;fj{ef}d / aflx/l x:tif]kaf6 d'qm /fli6«o /fhosf] txdf ljsf; u5{. lxhf]sf] ;f]leot ;+3df hftlo ;d:ofsf] ;dfwfg cftdlg0f{o -legg legg /fi6«x dxf;+3sf] ;b:osf] kdf cfpsf lyp, lyrf]ldrf] epsf] v08df k'gm 5'l g ;Sg] cy{df_sf] clwsf/åf/f ul/psf] lyof] eg] rlgdf hftlo If]qLo :jfoqtf -Ps /fho, ax'/fi6«x alrdf /fi6«/fho agfpg] k lqmof lyof]_åf/f /fi6«lgdf{0f eg]sf] ef}uf]lns PsLs/0f / /fho lj:tf/, ef}lts ljsf; / ;d[l4nfo{ a' g] / a'emfpg] vf]6f] k/ Dk/fut b[li6sf]0f lgs} k rf/df 5, h'g k"/} unt wf/0ff xf]. j}1flgs / Jofjxfl/s cfwf/df /fi6«lgdf{0f eg]sf] hftlo, If]qLo klxrfg g} xf]. ul/psf] kfog5. sdo'lg:6x n] hftlo ljifosf] ljzn]if0f / ;+Zn]if0f d'n'ssf] ljsf;sf] :t/, ;fdflhs r]tgfsf] l:ylt, hftlo ;d'bfosf] hg;+vofsf] agf]6 / cu ufdl af6f]sf] cfwf/df lgsfng'k5{. of] ljifosf] b'lgofsf] k of]u cwoogsf] Pp6f ljifo t x'g ;S5, t/ ;"qsf] kdf gssn ug{ ldnb}g. xfd f]df :jfoqtf / cftdlg0f{osf] clwsf/, Psn jf ax' cyjf ldl>t klxrfg cflb af/] g ljifos]lgb t ax; epsf] 5, g ax'/fi6«nfo{ l:jsf/]/ xfd f] ;Gbe{df s'g k lqmofåf/f /fi6«/fho agfpg] egg]af/] udel/tf b]lvg5. hftlo klxrfg Psn g} x'g5. h:tf], afx'g hfltsf] kl/ro Psn afx'g g} x'g5. afx'gdf /fo{ jf yf sf] klxrfg hf]l8psf] x' b}g. lhnnfut txaf6 Psn klxrfg h:t} uf]/vfnl, emfkfnl jf 8f]6]nL, b]zsf] lx;fan] klg Psn klxrfg h:t} g]kfnl, hfkfgl jf lrlgof, t/ Psn hftlo /fho km/s ljifo xf]. xfd f] ;Gbe{df Psn hftlo /fho agg] ;Defjgf 5}g, plrt klg b]lvb}g / Jofjxfl/s klg x' b}g. Psn hftlo klxrfg / Psn hftlo /fho h:tf] km/s ljifonfo{ Ps} 7fpdf 3fnd]n ul/psf] 5. Psflt/ 3fnd]n ghfg]/ ul/psf] 5, csf]{lt/ of]hgfa4 jf lgotjz b'o{ legg ljifonfo{ Ps} 7fpdf xfn]/ ljifofgt/ ug{ vf]lhpsf] 5. h;n] /fi6«lgdf{0fnfo{ cgof]n / clglzrt t agfps} 5, ;fy} hftlo ågålt/ n}hfg] vt/f;d]t a9]sf] 5. o;/l a' bf hftlo clwsf/ eg]sf] 5' } /fhosf] dfu xf]og. klxrfg;lxtsf] k b]z jf PsfO egg] xf] / /fhosf ;a} c+ux df hg;+vofsf] cfwf/df ;dfg'kflts k ltlglwtj -g]kfndf afx'g If]qLsf] hddf k ltzt 5 / o;}sf] cg'kft k ltzt dfq /fhosf ;a} lgsfodf pglx sf] ;xeflutf x'g] Joj:yf_sf] xf]. o;/l dfq /fi6«/fho agg ;S5. klxrfg;u hf]l8psf] csf]{ kf6f] s:tf] klxrfg egg] klg 5, t/ lgisif{ lbg] lx;fan] of] ljifon] klg k j]z kfpsf] 5}g. Psn klxrfgh:tf] e"ld / hflt b'j} cfpg] u/l du/ft, td'jfg cflb, ax'klxrfg h:t} g]jf tfd;flnª / ldl>t klxrfg h:t} td' u08sl, v;fª e]/l cflb. klxrfg Psn, ax' jf ldl>t h] eg] klg ;a} k jf c+zut kif dfq xfd f]df /fi6«sf] kdf ljsf; epsf g]jf/, tfdfª, u'?ª, du/, yf, ls/ft, v;h:tf hflt /fi6«sf] cfwf/df :jzfl;t k b]z / cgo hflt / hghfltx nfo{ :jzfl;t PsfOx lgdf{0f ubf{ g]kfn /fi6«/fho agg] k lqmofn] d"t{ k lng5 x'g\. ;f/ jf ;Dk"0f{ kif eg]sf] d'lqmsf] ;jfn xf]. hftlo d'lqm jul{o d'lqmsf] c+z dfq cyjf hftlo klxrfg d'lqmsf] c+z dfq. xfdln] k / ;f/ ;u} lnp/ dfq /fi6«lgdf{0f ug{ ;S5f}. dw]; / dlxnfsf] ljifo klxrfgsf] xf]og, t/ pglx d'qm 5}gg\. klxrfg x'b}df d'lqm kfob}g egg] pbfx/0faf6 klg xfdln] l;sg'k5{. /fi6«lgdf{0fsf r'gf}tl M!_ k/dk/fut /fho Joj:yf, o;sf] 9frf, ;~rfng k 0ffnL, zf;sx sf] cfo{ v; lxgb"jfbl PsfTds dgf]j[lq /fi6«lgdf{0fsf] klxnf] / lg0ff{os r'gf}tl xf]. k/dk/fut zf;s hflt c hfltnfo{ l:jsfg}{ g;sg], l:jsfbf{ klg ;}4flGts / c+zut kdf dfq l:jsf/]sf] h:tf] ug]{, cfˆgf] vfokfo{ cfpsf] efu vf]:g cfpsf] egg] ;+sl0f{ wf/0ffsf] sf/0f jf:tjdf /fi6«lgdf{0f x'g g;s]sf] xf]. o;} lrgtgwf/fsf] sf/0f g]kfnsf w]/} /fi6«x /fholeq cfgtl/s cf}klgj]lzstfsf] cg'e"lt ug{ afwo zf;slo hfltsf] bdg, ptkl8g / lgif]wftds tl/sfsf sf/0f c hfltx df k}bf epsf] clt hfltjfb /fi6«lgdf{0fsf] csf]{ r'gf}tl xf]. k"jl{ kxf8sf leqfx df n]lvpsf] v's'/l grfog5, /ut aufog5, lnda' /fho NofOG5Ú gf/f xf];\ jf cfªsfhl z]kf{sf] hghfltlj/f]wlsf] lha f] y't]/ c;gsf] s's'/nfo{ v'jfpg'k5{ú egg] egfo cflbn] Psflt/ klxrfgsf] /fholeq d'vo hfltafx]ssf c hfltx sf] ;j{:j x/0f x'g5 egg] dgf]lj1fg ;+ul7t x' b} 5 eg] csf]{lt/ hftlo ;b\efj / cgt/3'ng e8\sfjdf hfg] vt/fsf ;+s]tx klg b]lvb} 5. of] ;d:ofsf] klxnf] lhdd]jf/ kif zf;s hflt xf] eg] bf]; f] xfd f] clwsf/ c nfo{ nv]6]/ k fkt x'g5 egg] h:tf] clejolqm /fvg]x lhdd]jf/ 5g\. o; ljifodf rfp Pg nfo{sf] ljrf/ ;a}egbf a9l hg;+vof epsf] xfg hghfltsf] b[li6sf]0faf6 cgo hghfltdf kfog] cgw hfltjfbsf] cfnf]rgf ubf{v]l/ hftlo e]befjsf] untl x'g hfg5. w]/} agw' hghfltx cem;dd cy{tgq / ;+:s[ltdf ;fk]lift kdf lk5l8psf 5g\. To;}n] pglx sf] cfnf]rgf ubf{ xfgx j:t'ut kn] ljbdfg lk5l8psf] kl/36gfsf] lggbf ug{tkm{ k j[q /xg5g\. To;f] ug'{ hftlo e]befj x'g]5. xfg k ltlqmofjfbl zf;sx n] cnk;+vos hghfltx sf] ptkl8g tyf zf]if0f u/]sfn] tl hfltx :jefjtm xfgnfo{ z+sfsf] b[li6n] x]b{5g\. pglx xfg hgtfdf kfog] xfg cgw hfltjfbsf] cfnf]rgf ubf{ olb xfd f] ;femf p2]zo -;dfhjfb lgdf{0f_ k :yfglagb' agfopg eg] d'7e]8 lgldtg ;S5. cy{tgq / ;+:s[ltdf Oltxf;n] 5f8]/ upsf jf:tljs c;dfgtfx cfh klg /x]sf] 5, t}klg tl cflv/ ctltsf s'/f x'g\. tl gof rlg :yfkgf x'g'cl3 /x]sf lyp. gof rlgsf] hgdkl5 lrlgof sdo'lg:6 kf6l{sf] g]t[tjdf xfd f] ;+ljwfg / ;/sf/l glltn] hftlo ;dfgtf k bfg u/]sf] 5. ;dfgtf tyf agw'tjdf cfwfl/t hghfltx sf] xfd f] 7"nf] kl/jf/df Ps zlqmzfnl ;dfhjfbl d'n'ssf] lgdf{0f ug'{ xfdl ;a}sf] ;femf p2]zo xf]. o;f] ug{ ;s]gf} eg] ax'hftlo d'n's v8f eo;s]kl5 klg To;n] kl5 kms{g'kg]{ x'g ;S5 jf k]ml/ c åf/f ;tfog] Ps k5f}6] tyf bl/b d'n's agg ;S5Ú -rlgdf hghflt ;d:of, oxf ;fgble{s 5. #_ klxrfgnfo{ ;fdyo{sf] 8G8f nufpg] / cftdlg0f{osf] clwsf/nfo{ ljv08g eg]/ t;{g] ;d:of /fi6«lgdf{0fsf] csf]{ lg0ff{os r'gf}tl xf]. klxrfg / ;fdyo{dwo] klxnf] :yfol rl/q xf] eg] bf]; f] c:yfol. c:yfolsf] cy{ clxn] gep kl5 agg ;S5 jf clxn] epsf] klg kl5 u'dg ;S5, t/ :yfol ;w} /lx/xg] rl/q xf]. o;sf/0f :yfol rl/qsf] cfwf/df hftlo klxrfg;lxtsf] k b]z jf PsfOx n] kssf klg /fi6«/fho agfpg] k lqmofdf of]ubfg k' ofp5. x/]s hflt cyjf ps nfo{ 5' f5' } /fho sxf lbg ;lsg5 <Ú egg] egfo lgs} u}/lhdd]jf/ / c/fhgllts ljifo xf]. klxnf] hftlo /fho s;}n] dfu]s} 5}g, bf]; f] Pp6} b]zsf gful/sdwo] Pp6fn] lbg] / csf]{n] yfkg] egg] ljifo k fs[lts Gofoljk/Ltsf] ljifo xf] / t]; f] /fi6«/fho lgdf{0f ug{ grfxg] k/dk/fut ;fdgtl lxgb" v; hftlo cx+sf/ xf]. Pp6f hfltnfo{ Psbd >]i7 / csf]{nfo{ lgs} sd;n 7fGg' unt / clt hfltjfbl ljrf/;d]t xf]. xfd f] h:t} hftlo agf]6 epsf] rlgdf s;/l ;d:of xn ul/psf] lyof] egg] ;Gbe{nfO{ Psk6s x]/f}, lgªl;of x'o{ :jzfl;t k b]zdf!& xhf/ hg;+vof 5. o;dwo] PsltxfO -% nfv &) xhf/_ dfq x'o{ hgtf 5g\. rlgsf] ;Dk"0f{ x'o{ hg;+vof #% nfv x'gfn] ltglx Ps ;fgf] ;d"x x'g\ / cgo #) nfv x'o{x d'n'se/ ;a} efudf 5l/Psf 5g\, Toxf :jzfl;t lk k]msr/, sfpg6l / l;ofg -:yfglo tx_ :yfkgf ul/psf] 5. ltaatdf ltaatl hfltx sf] ;jfndf klg oxl gllt ckgfopsf] b]lvg5. o;/l 7"nf] hg;+vof epsf / ;fgf] hg;+vof epsf, 7"nf] 3gf ;d'bfo /xg] / ;fgf] ;d'bfo /xg] hghfltx sf] Jofjxfl/s kn] ;a} hghfltx sf] cf cfˆgf] cfsf/;lxt ldnbf] :jzfl;t PsfOx :yfkgf ul/psf] 5. To;/L g} hftlo :jzf;gsf] cfljisf/sf] k"/f dfqfdf pkof]u ul/psf] 5. o:tf] Joj:yf Oltxf;df clxn];dd yfxf gepsf] l;h{gf xf]. -rfp Pg nfo{, rlgdf hftlo ;d:of, k]h!)!!_ xfd f]df /fi6«sf] kdf ljsf; epsf g]jf/, tfdfª, u'?ª, du/, yf, ls/ft, v;h:tf hflt -/fi6«_sf] cfwf/df :jzfl;t k b]z / cgo hflt / hghfltx nfo{ :jzfl;t PsfOx lgdf{0f ubf{ g]kfn, /fi6«/fho agg] k lqmofn] d"t{ k lng5. o; ;DaGwdf a' g'kg]{ ljifo s] 5 eg] tfd;flnª jf du/ft eg]sf] hftlotf eof] egg] ts{ cfpg] u/]sf] 5, t/ Tof] e"ld -7fp / hflt_s} gfds/0f xf]. nueu o:t} xf] ltaat / d+uf]lnofsf] ;Gbe{ klg, hxf e"ld / hfltnfo{ Ps} gfddf d"t{ ul/psf] 5. 5' f5' } /fi6«/fhox ;dfgtfsf] cfwf/df Pp6} /fhodf s]lgb t x'g] jftfj/0f lgdf{0f ug'{ Tof] /fholeqsf ;a} /fi6«x sf] xf]. olb ;dfgtfsf] Jojxf/ :yflkt epg eg] b]zelqmsf] sf]/f gf/fn] dfq cgofodf k/]sf /fi6«x nfo{ Pp6} /fholeq ;w} s]lgb t ug{ g;lspsf] pbfx/0fx ljzjdf w]/} 5g\. ;a} hflt, /fi6«/fhosf] kdf ljsf; gepsf] cj:yf, hfltx sf] a;f]jf;sf] cj:yf / tlj a;fo;/fo, Oltxf;df cgofok"0f{ g} ep klg PsLs[t /fhodf /fi6«x uflepsf] cj:yf, g]kfnsf] e"/fhgllts l:ylt / l5d]sl b]z d'votm ef/t;usf] ;DaGw ;dfgtfsf cfwf/df agg g;s]sf] cfhsf] jf:tljstf / clxn]sf] b'lgofsf] rl/qnufotsf sf/0f of] ljifo k"jf{u x/lxt ax;sf] ljifo agfp/ lgisif{df hfg' g} j}1flgs x'g ;S5. :jfy{sf] ;+3if{ / zf;slo ljs[lt :jfy{sf] ågå /f]sg lgjf{lrt hgk ltlglw tyf prrkb:yx sf] hljg:t/sf] cg'udg / ;DklQ hfrsf] Joj:yf ug{'k5{ Zofd d}gfnl clejolqm e i6frf/lj?4 z"go ;xgzlntfsf] 5, t/ ckjfbafx]s g]kfndf /fhglltsb]lv k zf;lgs k wfgdgqlsf] g]t[tj;dd ;a}h;f]sf] Psn b[li6 kb tyf clwsf/sf] b'?kof]u u/l cfkm" / lgs6:yx sf] :jfy{l;l4df /xg] u/]sf] 5. kb / lhdd]jf/lsf] unt pkof]u ub}{ ;+u7gnfo{ xflg k' ofo{ JolQmut kmfobf lng] sfd eo/x]sf] 5. :jfy{ ufl;psf ljifodf clwsf/lx nfo{ cfkm"cg's"n lg0f{o lng e i6frf/lx k f]t;flxt u5{g\. ljz]ifu/l ;fj{hlgs vl/b;dagwl lg0f{ox ubf{ :jfy{sf] ;+3if{ -slgkm\ns6 ckm OG6«]:6_ clt g} x'g] u/]sf] kfog5. :jfy{sf] ågå e i6frf/sf] kl/0ffd, ;"rs / ;r]tssf kdf cl:ttjdf /x]sf] x'g5. :jfy{sf] ågå JolQmut rf;f]sf sf/0f ;fj{hlgs enfosf ljifodf ;Demf}tfsf] cj:yf xf]. sfg'gl k fjwfgx sf] tf]8df]8 ub}{ ;+:yfnfo{ 3f6f k' ofo{ JolQmut kmfobf lng] sfd g} :jfy{sf] ;+3if{sf] Jofjxfl/s kl/efiff xf]. cfˆgf] kb / clwsf/sf] b'?kof]u ub}{ JolQmut kmfobf lng] k j[lq b]vf kg{' :jfy{sf] ;+3if{ xf]. o;n] ;'zf;gdf k ToIf tyf ck ToIf kdf cj/f]w l;h{gf u5{. oxl sf/0f ;fj{hlgs ; f]t tyf ;fwgsf] ckrng jf cg'ko'qm ljlgof]hg x'g] u5{. sfdsf/afxldf cg'lrt k efj kf5{. k fkt clwsf/sf] b'?kof]u eo{ cj}w lqmofsnfkdf j[l4 x'g5. ; f]t / ;fwgsf] k jfx lghl If]qdf Hofbf x'g5, ;fj{hlgs enfosf If]q uf}0f agg k'u5g\. Gofosf] ;'udtf / ;xhtfdf cj/f]w l;h{gf eo{ Gofo k flkt ;xl 9+un] x'g ;Sb}g. Jofj;flos dof{bf, st{jo lgjf{x / JolQmut :jfy{sf ljifodf b]lvg] ljjfbf:kb sfo{x g} :jfy{sf ;+3if{ x'g\. ; f]t, ;fwg, OHht, k lti7fn] cfkm" / cfˆgfnfo{ nfeflgjt u/fpg] lqmofsnfk ;fj{hlgs kbflwsf/lx df ctogt w]/} b]lvg yfn]sf] 5. ;Qf 9 bn Pdfn] kf;fª Nxfd' k lti7fgsf] w'daf/fxll:yt ejgaf6 lqk'/]zj/l:yt ljb't\ k flws/0fsf] c9fo{ ca{ asof}tf /x]sf Ps Jofkf/L 3/fgfsf] ejgdf ;g{'df klg o;}n] sfd u/]sf] 5. ;/sf/df /xg]x lgn{hhtfk"j{s o:tf unt lg0f{o lsg lng] u5{g\, s] s:tf :jfy{ ufl;psf ljifox df lg0f{o lng] sfd ;/sf/df /xg]x af6 x'g k'u]sf] 5 egg] ljifod} of] cfn]v s]lg t ug]{ k of; ul/psf] 5. lhdd]jf/l k bfg ug]{ ljs[lthgo cj:yf M g]kfndf ;/sf/df /xg]x n] :jfy{sf] ;+3if{ cfdgq0fsf] kl/l:ylt lgdf{0f ug{ pbt\ /xb} ;fj{hlgs lhdd]jf/lsf kbx df lg0f{o lng] ub{} cfpsf 5g\. s]xl pbfx/0f k :t't ug{' ;fgble{s x'g]5. Jofkfl/s 3/fgfsf ; f]t;dkgg JolQmx nfo{ sfg'g lgdf{0fsf] lhdd]jf/l lbg] ;Gbe{df /fhgllts bnx sf alr Ps k sf/sf] k lt:kwf{ g} 5. Jofkf/L tyf pbf]ukltnfo{ sfg'g agfpg], gllt lgdf{0f ug]{, dgql kbdf lgo'lqm ug]{, Jofkf/L pbf]ukltsf k/fdz{df b]zsf] ah]6 tof/ kfg]{ qmddf ;dfgfgt/ cy{ dgqfno g} v8f ug]{;ddsf sfo{ x'b} cfpsf 5g\. t/, log} sfdnfo{ b]zsf /fhgllt1x 7"nf] pknlawsf kdf lng5g\. a}+s k j4{s jf af]8{ ;b:o jf kbflwsf/lx nfo{ g} a}+s;dagwl P]gnfO{ th{'df Pj+ kl/dfh{g ug]{ lhdd]jf/l lbog5. s]xl JolQmsf] lgo'lqm k s/0f / pglx af6 :jfy{sf] ;+3if{ ptkgg x'g] kl/l:ylt s;/l lgdf{0f ul/of], ljzn]if0f u/f}. g]kfn cfon lgudsf] ;~rfns ;ldltsf] ;b:odf k]6«f]n kdksf dflns Ps cu jfnhl lgo'qm ep, s]xl ;dokzrft\ pgnfo{ x6foof], t/ cbfntaf6 oyfjt\ sfod epkzrft\ pgsf] sfd} lgudsf gllt, lg0f{oaf/] Jofkf/Lx nfo{ clu d ;"rgf lbo{ nfeflgjt ug{], u/fpg] eof]. ;/sf/n] g]kfndf k'gla{df sdkgl;dagwl gllt lgdf{0f ug]{ 6f]nLdf o;} k s[ltsf] sdkglsf k j4{snfo{ lgo'lqm u of]. lwtf]kqsf] af]8{ ;b:odf, b'o{ cf]6f ;"rls[t sdkgl epsf JolQmnfO{ lgo'lqm ul/psf] 5. cd"s c/fhgllts bnsf] :jfy{k"lt{sf nflu nufgl af]8{sf] k d'v sfo{sf/l clws[tdf /fl6«o of]hgf cfof]usf ;b:o lgo'qm epsf 5g\. d]l8sn sdkgl / Dofgkfj/ sdkglsf k j4{sx nfo{ j}b]lzs /f]huf/ af]8{sf] ;b:o agfopsf] 5. h'g sdkglaf6 j}b]lzs /f]huf/ldf upsfx 7"nf] ;+Vofdf k tfl8t 5g\, p;}nfo{ j}b]lzs /f]huf/ af]8{sf] ;b:o lgo'lqm :jfy{sf] ;+3if{ g xf]. lxdfnog Po/sf k j4{snfo{ p;s} k lt:kwl{ g]kfn jfo' ;]jf lgudsf] ;~rfnsdf lhdd]jf/l lbopsf] 5. ;]So'l/6L lk lg6ª ;]G6/sf] sfo{sf/l lgb]{zsdf Ps hd{g g]kfndf :jfy{sf] ;+3if{ lgogq0fsf] lbzfdf vf;} ;'wf/sf k of;x epsf 5}gg\. e i6frf/ sd ug{ :jfy{sf] ågå lgogq0f h?/l x'g5 egg] ;fdfgo lrgtg;d]t ;/sf/df /xg]x df epsf] cg'e"lt x'g ;s]sf] 5}g. sdkgl, h;n] k lt:kwf{ ub}{ lyof], p;};u 3lgi6 ;DaGw /x]sfnfo{ lgo'lqm lbopsf] 5. of] qmd oltd} /f]lspsf] 5}g, ;]So'l/6L lk lg6ª k ]; k s/0fdf d'l5psf ljjflbt k"j{dgqlnfo{ g} o;;dagwl ;+;blo ;ldltdf /fvg l;kmfl/; epsf] 5. otl ;d"xsf] Psflwsf/ M jt{dfg ;/sf/ k d'v / otl ;d"xalrsf] k uf9 ;DaGw s;}af6 l5k]sf] 5}g. 7'N7"nf Pj+ w]/} kmfobf x'g] sfdx p;}nfo{ k bfg ug{df k wfgdgqlhl Jo:t x'g'x'g5. oxl sf/0f sf7df8f}+b]lv Pe/]:6 a];sofdk;ddsf caf{}+sf ;fj{hlgs ;DklQdf lgaf{w lgogq0f hdfo{ Psnf}6L kmfobf lng otl ;d"x ;kmn epsf] 5. ;u/dfyf /fli6«o lgs'~hsf] /f]kgl ax'd"no huuf l/;f]6{ ;~rfng ug{ cfˆgf] gfddf Nofpg ;kmn epsf] 5. kflye/f bz{gsf lsnf]ld6/ s]ansf/ lgdf{0f ug{ *) jif{sf nflu sf}8lsf] d"nodf cg'dlt k fkt u/]sf] 5. oblk, dn]kn] o;nfo{ clgoldt cg'dltsf kdf k ltj]bgdf /fvl ;Rofpg ;'emfa lbpsf] 5. g]kfn 6«:6sf] lgodfjnldf :jfy{sf] ;+3if{ b]lvg] u/l s'g} JolQmnfO{ af]8{df lgo'lqm lbg gkfog] Joj:yf 5, t/ ofªhfg z]kf{ / ;Ltf/fd ;fksf]6sf nflu lgodfjnldf /x]sf] k fjwfgnfo{ g} ;+zf]wg u/l lhdd]jf/l lboof]. klxn]sf] lnh cjlw ;dfkt jif{sf nflu uf]s0f{ l/;f]6{sf] cjlw yk u/l otl ;d"xnfo{ sf}8lsf] df]ndf ;'Dkg] sfd epsf] 5. /fhb/af/cufl8 /x]sf] Ps /f]kgl!$ cfgf hldg #) jif{sf nflu otl ;d"xnfo{ g} lboof]. 6«:6n] o;sf] Go"gtd d"nof+sg o;} cjlwsf nflu ^=$% ca{ u/]sf] lyof], t/!=$( ca{d} ;'Dkg] sfd eof]. n'ldagl ljsf; sf]ifsf ;+/Ifs k wfgdgqln]!$ /f]kgl huuf otl ;d"xsf cwoif z]kf{nfo{ pknaw u/fo{ To; huufdf ag]sf] u'dafsf] pb\3f6g;d]t u/]sf 5g\. otl ;d"xsl cwoifsl 5f]/L bfjfkm'6l z]kf{nfo{ :k]gsf] /fhb"t agfopsf] 5. gf/fo0flx6l ;+u xfnoleqsf] cfsif{s ndh'ª sif, hxf ljb]zl kfx'gfx sf] cf]xbfsf] k df0fkq k]; x'g] uyof]{, Toxf /]:6'/]G6 vf]ng cg'dlt k bfg ul/psf] 5. k wfgdgql rlg e d0f ug{'x'bf g]kfn jfo' ;]jfsf] ljdfg k of]u gu/l lxdfnog Po/nfOG;af6} e d0f ul/of]. ol t k wfgdgql Pj+ jt{dfg ;/sf/n] otl ;d"xnfo{ Ps5q pkof]u ug{ ;'ldkpsf ;/sf/l ;DklQ / ;xof]usf s]xl k ltlglw pbfx/0f dfq x'g\. ;'wf/sf pkfo M ;/sf/ lglzrgt ep/ Jofkf/L pbf]ukltx nfo{ :jfy{sf] ;+3if{ x'g] kl/:ylt lgdf{0f ug]{ u/l lg0f{o lng kfpbf pknlawsf kdf lng] dgf]lj1fg kfn]/ a;]sf] 5. e i6frf/sf] d"n ; f]tsf kdf o:tf lg0f{ox x'g]df vf;} hfgsf/l /fvg] kifdf ;/sf/ b]lvb}g. ljzjdf w]/} b]zdf o:tf lqmofsnfk / lg0f{ox nfo{ e i6frf/s} ck/fwsf kdf u x0f ul/psf] 5. x/]s If]qdf o; k sf/sf lg0f{ox x'g glbg kof{kt sfg'gl Joj:yf ub}{ Odfgbf/Lk"j{s sfof{gjog x'g] u/]sf] 5. ;fj{hlgs If]qsf kbflwsf/lx sf] sfdsf/afxldf s;/l kf/blz{tf sfod ug{ ;lsg5 eg]/ cfrf/;+lxtf;d]t lgdf{0f u/l sfof{gjogsf] k efjsf/l Joj:yf ul/psf 5g\. /fh:jsf] pko'qm Joj:yfkgsf] kf6f]s} kdf o;nfo{ u x0f ul/psf] 5. :jfy{sf] ågånfo{ lgogq0fsf nflu blif0f sf]l/ofdf 5' } ;+:yfsf] Joj:yf;lxt s8f sfg'gl Joj:yf 5. Sofg8fn] ;fj{hlgs If]qsf] ul/df / :jr5tfsf nflu 5' } cfo'qmsf] ;+/rgftds Joj:yf u/]sf] 5. yfonofg8df /fli6«o e i6frf/ lgogq0f cfof]usf] Joj:yf u/l :jfy{sf] ;+3if{;DaGwL dfldnfx sf] cg';gwfg / sf/afxl ug]{ k agw ldnfopsf] 5. rlg / xªsªn] klg sfg'gl tyf Joj:yfksLo 9frf tof/ u/]sf 5g\. y'k } d'n'sn] lghl If]qnfO{ cfrf/;+lxtfsf] clgjfo{ Joj:yf / To;sf] Odfgbf/Lk"j{s sfof{gjogsf] k agw ldnfpsf 5g\. g]kfndf :jfy{sf] ;+3if{sf] lgogq0fsf] lbzfdf vf;} ;'wf/sf k of;x epsf 5}gg\. e i6frf/ sd ug{ :jfy{sf] ågå lgogq0f h?/l x'g5 egg] ;fdfgo lrgtg;d]t ;/sf/df /xg]x df epsf] cg'e"lt x'g ;s]sf] 5}g. ;a} ;fj{hlgs lgsfon] e i6frf/ / :jfy{sf] ;+3if{sf alrsf] cgt/;dagw / k efjsf af/]df udel/ x'g h?/l 5. o;af/]df ;a}nfo{ ;r]t u/fpg] / k To]s jif{ o:tf ljifodf ;DalGwt clwsf/lx n] lnpsf lg0f{ox / To;af6 k/]sf] k efjsf af/]df jflif{s kdf ;fj{hlgs ug{' h?/l x'g5. olb :jfy{sf] ;+3if{sf] cj:yf l;h{gf x'g] epdf To:tf kbflwsf/lx nfo{ ;+:yfaf6 cgoq k7fpg] Joj:yf ldnfpg] jf lhdd]jf/ld'qm u/fpg'k5{. g]kfnl:yt kf]ln;l l/;r{ OlG:6Ro'6n] u/]sf] cwoog / k ltj]bgdf g]kfnsf sfg'g lgdf{tfx :jfy{sf] ;+3if{df 3lgi6 kn] ;DalGwt b]lvpsf 5g\. e i6frf/lj?4sf] ;+o'qm /fi6«;+3sf] 3f]if0ffkqdf pnn]v epcg';f/sf] sfof{gjogdf ;lqmotf gb]vfpsf], o;;dagwl sfg'g lgdf{0f ug]{ sfo{ gepsf] pqm cwoogn] pnn]v u/]sf] 5. cgt/f{li6«o k rng;d]tnfo{ cwoog ubf{ g]kfndf ;d]t lgjf{lrt k ltlglwx / prrkb:y sd{rf/lx sf] hljg:t/sf] cg'udg / rn crn ;DklQsf] k/lif0f lgogqs lgsfoaf6 ug{] Joj:yf ug{' h?/l b]lvg5. t/, xfn;dd g]kfnsf /fhgllts bnx / ;/sf/df /xg]x af6 w]/} ck]iff ug{ ;Sg] cj:yf eg] b]lvb}g.

6 h]7 )&*, ;] o/ a]r] sf] /sdegbf lsg]sf] a9l ep dfq e'qmfgl u/] k'ug] ;'ljwfn] a9\of] sf/ f]af/ ljho/ fh vgfn gof klqsf sf7df8f} h] 7 kl5nnf s] xl lbgdf b} lgs!& ca{?k} ofa/ fa/ sf] ;] o/ sf/ f] af/ eo/ x] sf] 5. sltkon] ;] o/ ahf/ df sfnf] wgsf] k j] z epsfn] sf/ f] af/ / sddf j[l4 epsf] cfsng ug{ yfn] sf 5g\. t/, ahf/ df sfnf] wg lelqpsf] geo{ ;] o/ a] r] sf] / sdegbf lsg] sf] / sd a9l ep dfq} a f] s/ nfo{ / sd e'qmfgl ug{'kg] { ;'ljwf -g] l6ª_ nufglstf{n] kfpsf sf/ 0f sf/ f] af/ / sd a9] sf] xf]. o;sf cltl/ Qm ljqlo k 0ffnLdf kof{kt t/ ntf / x] sfn] klg ahf/ df 7"nf] dfqfdf sf/ f] af/ eo/ x] sf] xf]. (( k ltzt sf/ f] af/ sf] e'qmfgl a} +lsª k 0ffnLaf6} x'g] epsfn] ahf/ df sfnf] wg lelqpsf] egg] s'g} cfwf/ 5} g,ú g] K;] sf Ps prr clwsf/ Ln] eg], t/, s] xl ;dootf a f] s/ x n] sf/ f] af/ sf] g] l6ª ug{ kfpsf 5g\ / of] nufglstf{sf] txdf klg k'u] sfn] sf/ f] af/ / sd a9\g ;s] sf] xf].ú g] K;] clwsf/ Lx sf cg';f/ / ] ld6\ofg; leqg] b/ g36] sfn] a} +sdf k'hl cefj g/ x] sf] / ;] o/ ahf/ df a} +ssf] shf{ nufgl a9] sf sf/ 0f klg sf/ f] af/ / sd a9] sf] xf]. o;df g] l6ªsf] e"ldsf b] lvpsf] pglx sf] egfo 5. s'g} a f] s/ n]! ca{?k} ofsf] sf/ f] af/ u of] eg]! ca{?k} of g} sf/ f] af/ / fkm;fkmsf nflu k'n PsfpG6df hddf ug'{kb} {g,ú l;l8p; PG8 lsnol/ ªsf k jqmf ;'/ ] z Gof} kfg] n] eg], olb ;f] a f] s/ n] ;f] lbg %) s/ f] 8?k} ofsf] ;] o/ a] r] sf] 5 / %) s/ f] 8?k} ofs} ;] o/ lsg] sf] 5 eg] p;n] nfes/, z'nsx dfq} a'emfp x'g5.ú o;} nfo{ g] l6ª egg] ul/ G5. a f] s/ x n] kfpsf] oxl ;'ljwf u fxs nufglstf{sf] txdf klg k ;fl/ t 5, cyf{t\ nufglstf{n] klg vl/ b / laqml a/ fa/ / sdsf] u/ ] sf] cj: yfdf p;n] a f] s/ nfo{ / sd a'emfo/ xg'kb} {g. t/, o;cl3 eg] o: tf] sf/ f] af/ df / sd g} a'emfpg'kyof] {. lgif] wf1fsf sf/ 0f cgo Joj;foL;d] t ;] o/ ahf/ df k j] z ug{'sf ;fy} ljqlo k 0ffnLdf kof{kt t/ntf /x]sfn] g]k;]df b}lgs!& ca{sf] sf/f]af/ eo/x]sf] 5 ;fpgaf6 /fkm;fkm sf]if sfof{gjogdf Nofpg af]8{sf] lgb] {zg ef]h/fh e08f/l gof klqsf h]7 lwtf]kq af]8{n] lgb] {zg lbpkl5 cfpbf] ;fpgaf6 g]k;]nfo{ /fkm;fkm sf]if Nofpg}kg] { afwotf k/ ]sf] 5. /fkm;fkm sf]ifnfo{ sfof{gjogof]uo agfo{ ;~rfngdf Nofpg af] 8{n] g] K;] nfo{ s8f lgb] {zg lbpkl5 gof cfly{s jif{af6 / fkm;fkm sf] if : yfkgf ug'{kg] { afwotf cfok/ ]sf] xf]. ;]o/ vl/bstf{n] ;dod} e'qmfgl ug{ g;s]df sf/f]af/ /fkm;fkmsf nflu a f]s/n] /fkm;fkm sf]ifaf6 gub ;fk6l lng kfp5g\. ahf/ nfo{ Jojl: yt / cg'zfl;t / fvgsf nflu / f;;fkm sf]if gu0o epsf] egb} g]k;]nfo{ af]8{n] k6s k6s Wofgfsif{0f ub} { cfo/x]sf] lyof]. a]jf:tf u/ ]kl5 lgb] {zg g} hf/l u/ ] / sfof{gjogdf Nofpg lgb] {zg lbg afwo epsf] af] 8{sf] egfo 5. af] 8{n] cfly{s jif{ )&& &* leq %) s/ f] 8, cfj )&* &( leq yk #) s/ f] 8 / cfa )&( *) leq s/ f] 8 u/ L s'n! ca{sf] sfof{gjogof] Uo sf] if : yfkgf u/ L ;~rfng ug{ elgpsf] 5. xfn pqm sf] ifdf #! nfv dfq / x] sf] af] 8{n] hgfpsf] 5. sf] ifsf] sfof{gjogdf l9nf;'': tl epsf] b] v] kl5 afwo ep/ lgb] {zg lbpsf] g] kfn lwtf] kq af] 8{sf cwoif elid/ fh 9+''ufgfn] hfgsf/ L lbp. P]gd} Joj:yf epsfn] h;/l x'g t )&^ ;fnaf6} of] ;'ljwf a f]s/x n] kfpsf x'g\. t/, a9\bf] ahf/ / gfsfagbln] cgo If]q ;':tfpsf] ;dodf klg ;fpgaf6 sfof{gjogdf cfpg'kg] { 9'+ufgf atfp5g\. af] 8{n] ;xl ;dodf lgb] {zg hf/l u/ ]sf] 9+'ufgfsf] egfo 5. g]k;] al9/x]sf] cj:yfdf gfkmf eo/x]sfn] k} ;f xfng ;d:of gepsf] pgn] atfp. ut jif{sf] t'ngfdf g] K;], a f]s/, l;l8p;;ln] klg /fd f] cfdbfgl u/ ]sf] 5. clxn] ;Dd cjojl:yt lyof], laol/ ; dfs] {6 epsf] cj:yfdf clxn]sf] tf} /tl/sfaf6} hfg' ;a}sf] lxt x'g] u/ L sfof{gjogdf Nofpg s8fo;fy lgb] {zg nfu" x'g5,ú 9'+ufgfn] eg]. af]8{sf] lgb] {zgdfly 5nkmn eo/x]sf] g]kfn a f]s/ Joj;foL ;+3sf cwoif ;Gtf] if d} gfnln] hfgsf/ L lbp. sf]ifdf hfg'k5{ egg] xfd f] :ki6 wf/0ff 5, t/ s] xl s'/ fdf eg] c;xdlt 5, To;df klg xfdl cem} 5nkmnd} 5f},Ú pgn] eg]. b}lgs sf/f]af/ /sdsf]! k ltzt / sd rfn" dlxgfsf]!% ut] leq yk ug{ nufo{ ultzln of] ubfgsf kdf sf] ifdf hddf ug{'kg] { Joj: yf 5. o;egbf cl3sf] sf] ifdf ) bzdnj % k ltzt a'emfpb} cfpsf] lyof]. ;f] Joj:yf vf/ ]h ep jf gepsf] ;DaGwdf klg :ki6 gepsfn] o;af/ ] 5nkmn u/ ] / cl3 a9\g] pgn] atfp. ahf/nfo{ Jojl:yt / cg'zfl;t /fvg ljbdfg /fkm;fkm sf]ifnfo{ sfof{gjogof] Uo agfpg' ;sf/ ftds kif epsfn] o;nfo{ ldn] / ubf{ ;+:yfut nufglstf{sf] cfsif{0f cem a9\g] nufglstf{ e/ t / fgfef6 agfp5g\. o;sf] nfe cem w] / } b]lvpsf] xf] eg] nufglstf{sf] Ifdtf;d]t a9]sf] xf]. ns8fpgsf sf/ 0f cgo Joj;fox agb /x]sf] sf/0f tl Joj;fodf /x]sf nufglstf{ tyf sd{rf/ Lx ;d] t ;]o/ ahf/df ;lqmo x'bf;d]t sf/f]af/ a9]sf] Ps a f] s/ n] atfp. cgo Joj;fox clxn] agb epsf sf/ 0f cfdbfgl u'd] sf dflg;x ;]o/ ahf/af6 sdfo ug{ klg cfpsf 5g\,Ú pgn] eg], pglx sf] k j]zn] klg sf/f]af/ /sd a9]sf] 5.Ú!) dlxgfdf ;] o/ ahf/ af6 ;/sf/nfo{!) ca{ nfes/ sf/f]af/ /sddf epsf] j[l4;u} ut ;fpgotf ;]o/ nufglstf{af6 ;/sf/n] / fh: j ;d] t pnn] Vo kdf p7fpsf] 5. ;fpgotf dfq} nufglstf{n] ;/sf/nfo{ a'emfpg'kg] { k'hlut nfes/!) ca{?k} of ;+sng epsf] 5. of] cjlwdf ahf/ df ( va{ &$ ca{?k}ofsf] ;]o/ sf/f]af/ epsf] 5. cl3nnf] jif{sf] t'ngfdf sf/f]af/ /sd ^ k ltztn] j[l4 epsf] xf]. xfn JolQmut nufglstf{n] % k ltzt / ;+: yfut nufglstf{n]!) k ltzt nfes/ ltb} { cfpsf 5g\. o;k6ssf] ah]6n] JolQmut nufglstf{nfo{ cnksfnlg / bl3{sfnlg nufglstf{df ljefhg u/ ] / cnksfnlgnfo{ & bzdnj % k ltzt / bl3{sfnlgnfo{ % k ltzt nfes/ nfug] Joj:yf u/ ]sf] 5. g] K;] n] ;'emfpsf] cgtlb{j;lo sf/ f] af/ -OG6«f 8] 6«] l8ª_ ;'? epdf sf/ f] af/ / sddf yk j[l4 x'g] ck] Iff ul/ Psf] 5. Ps lbgdf Pp6f JolQmn] Pp6} sdkglsf] ;] o/ w] / } k6s;dd lsga] r ug{ ;lsg] Joj: yfnfo{ cgtlb{j;lo sf/ f] af/ elgg5. cgtlb{j;lo sf/ f] af/ df nufglstf{egbf sf/ f] af/ L 6] «8;{n] ;] o/ lsga] r u5{g\. o: tf] sf/ f] af/ ;] o/ sf] : jfldtj lngegbf klg d"nocgt/ df x'g] nfe lng] p2] Zon] ul/ G5. Pp6} ;] o/ lbgdf k6s k6s sf/ f] af/ x'g ;Sg] of] Joj: yfn] ahf/ df sf/ f] af/ / sddf j[l4 x'g] 5. xfn of] k : tfjdf vf;} sfd cufl8 a9] sf] 5} g. o;;dagwl k ltj] bg eg] tof/ epsf] 5. 5'6 d"nodf vfbfgg vl/b ug{ pkef]qmfsf] le8 ;fn6 6]«l8ª, sflndf6ldf 5'6 d"nodf vfb ;fdu L lsgg nfog a;]sf pkef]qmfx. tl:a/ M ;+ht kl/of/ gof klqsf sf7df8f} h]7 lgif]wf1fsf] ;dodf pkef]qmfnfo{ /fxt lbg lglzrt vfbfgg vl/ k ltzt 5'6 kfpg yfn]kl5 ;fn6 6«]l8ª skf] {/ ] ;g / vfb Joj:yf tyf Jofkf/ sdkgl lnld6]8sf] laqml s]gb df pkef]qmfsf] le8 a9] sf] h] 7b] lv ;fn6 6«] l8ªn] eqmk'/sf] ;"o{ljgfos, h8la'6l, hfjnfv]n, sflndf6l / ;t'+undf laqml s] Gb k ltzt 5'6;lxt pkef] Uo ;fdfg laqml ub} { cfpsf] 5. sdkgln] lk7f] $$?k} of, lrgl of, g'g!^?k} of, e6df;sf] t] n! ;o **?k} of / vfgf ksfpg] PnkL Uof;! xhf/! ofdf pkef]qmfnfo{ laqml ul/ /x]sf] 5. To:t}, vfb sdkgln] /fdzfxky, yfkfynl, nlntk'/sf] gvv' / eqmk'/ sf] ;"o{ljgfosaf6 rfdn / s0ff{nlsf] l;dl laqml ul/ / x] sf] 5. ;fn6 6] «l8ªsf] k wfg sfof{no /x]sf] sflndf6l / ;t'+unl:yt zfvf sfof{nosf] laqml s]gb df pkef]qmfsf] le8 ctolws b]lvpsf] 5. kl5nnf] tlg lbgdf le8 a9] kl5 lgogq0f ug{ k x/lnfo{ ;d]t ufx f] eo/x]sf] ;fn6 6] «l8ªsf ;xfos dxfk agws s'df/ / fhe08f/ Ln] atfp. k x/ln] dfolsª u/ ] / le8 gu/l ;fdfg vl/b ug'{;\ egbf klg pkef] Qmfn] Wofg lbpsf 5} gg\,ú pgn] eg], sfof{nodf w] / } le8 a9\g] u/ ]sf] 5.Ú sdkglsf] laqml s] Gb df lbgx' le8 a9\g yfn] kl5 : yfglon] Toxfaf6 laqml s]gb gx6fp sf] /f]gf efo/ ;sf] ;+qmd0f a9\g] egb} k x/lnfo{ ph'/l;d]t u/ ]sf 5g\. To;kl5 k x/l;usf] ;dgjodf ;fn6 6] «l8ªn] d+unaf/ af6 laxfg & b] lv ( ah] ;Dd dfq} laqml s]gb vf]n] / ;]jf lbg] epsf] 5. ca laxfg dfq} laqml s]gb vf]n] / ;fdfg lbg] lg0f{o u/ ]sf 5f},Ú pgn] eg], laxfg ( ah] ;Dd laqml s]gb cfo;s]sfn] leq /fv] / ;fdfg lbg] Joj:yf ldnfp5f}.ú 5'6;lxtsf] d"nodf vfbfgg lbg yfn] kl5 tlg u'0ff laqml a9]sf] /fhe08f/ln] atfp. lgif]wf1f ;'? epotf pktosfsf] laqml s] Gb af6 b} lgs sl/ a! nfv?k}ofsf] vfbfgg laqml x'g] u/ ]sf] lyof],ú pgn] eg], clxn] b'o{ lbgdf * nfv $& xhf/?k}ofsf] laqml epsf] 5.Ú laqml sl/a rf/ u'0ffn] a9\bf le8;d] t clgolgqt x'b} upsf] pgn] atfp. ;fn6 6] «l8ªn] ;a} laqml s]gb sf sd{rf/lnfo{ df:s, kghf, :oflg6foh/, lklko{ ;]6 lbp/ ;'/Iff ;fjwfgl ckgfpsf] tyf pkef] QmfnfO{ laqml s] Gb k j]z u/ ]kl5 ;fa'gkfgln] xft w'g] Joj:yf ldnfpsf] pgn] atfp. xfn 5'6 pknaw u/ fopsf] vfbfgg dfq} vl/b ug] { pkef]qmf cfpg] u/ ]sf] pgsf] egfo 5. To:t}, vfb sdkgldf klg le8 w] / } x'g] u/ ]sf] ;"rgf clwsf/l zld{nf Gof}kfg] ;'j]bln] hfgsf/l lbog\. h] 7af6} & b] lv ( ah] ;Dd 5'6 d"nodf vfbfgg laqml ul/ /x]sf 5f},Ú pgn] elgg\, laxfg ( ah] kl5 u] 6 agb ug] { / Toltj] nf;dd cfpsfnfo{ sfof{noleq nfog nufp/ vfbfgg laqml ahg] u/ ] sf] 5. To;} n] le8 t w] / } g} a9\g] u/ ]sf] 5.Ú k ltzt 5'6 lbbf k ltaf] / f sl/ a # ;o ;: tf] k5{. sdkgln] c?jf df] 6f, c?jf dsjfgk'/, c?jf ;f]gf dl;gf], l:6d ;f]gf dl;gf], c?jf dwod, l: 6d / l~ht, l: 6d lh/ f dl;gf] rfdndf 5'6 lbpsf] 5. o;dwo] lh/ f dl;gf] rfdnsf] laqml a9l 5. sdkgln] af;dtl / h'dnfsf] df;l{ rfdn laqml ug] { epkl5 o;df 5'6 eg] pknaw u/ fpsf] 5}g. o;j]nf ;Lldt sd{rf/laf6 ;]jf lbo/x]sf 5f}. k ltzt 5'6 sfof{gjogdf cfpkl5 pkef]qmfsf] le8 a9]sf] 5,Ú ;'j]bln] elgg\, oblk, xfdln] sd{rf/ LnfO{ plrt ;'/ Iff ;fjwfgl ckgfpg nufp/ ;]jf lbo/x]sf 5f}.Ú sdkgln] 5'6 d"nodf Ps af] / f rfdn lsnf] s0ff{nlsf] l;dl lbo/ x] sf] 5. vfbn] tlg lbgdf! ;o #& lsjg6n rfdn laqml u/ ] sf] 5.

7 sf] /f]gflj?4 ;r]tgf?3fvf]sl nfu]sf JolQm;u 7 b"/l sfod ug'{;\ h]7 )&* g]k;]sf] psfnf] ofqfdf lemgf] c+ssf] a ]s kmfogfg;, xfo8«f] kfj/ / ljsf; a} +sdf xl/ ofnl, jfl0fho a} +ssf nufglstf{ eg] lg/ fz gof klqsf sf7df8f} h]7 prr sllt{dfgl agfpsf] ;]o/ ahf/df lemgf] c+ssf] a ] s nfu] sf] 5. cfotaf/ prr /]s8{ agfpsf] g]k;]n] ;f]daf/ eg] s/ ]S;gsf] af6f] /f]h]sf] xf]. prr /]s8{ agfpkl5 ahf/ s/ ]S;g x' 'g' 'nfo{ ljzn]ifsx ;sf/ftds dfg5g\. o;egbf cl3sf] prr /] s8{df klg s/ ]S;g x'b} g]k;] cl3 a9]sf] lyof]. g]k;] kl/ ;"rs ;f]daf/ z"go c+sn] 36] xhf/ ( ;o ^ bzdnj &) lagb'df k'u]sf] 5. To:t}, sú ju{sf] sdkgldfks ;] G;] l6e OG8] S; z"go bzdnj #* c+sn] 36] / % lagb'df k'u] sf] 5. ahf/ lemgf] c+sn] 36\bf jfl0fho a} +s ;d"xsf] ;"rs eg] gsf/ftds agg k'u]sf] 5.!# ;d"xsf ;"rsdwo] kmfogfg;, ljsf; a} +s, xfo8«f]kfj/df nufglstf{ cfslif{t epsf 5g\. kmfogfg; sdkglsf nufglstf{n] ;a} egbf a9l cyf{t\ * k ltztn] gfkmf cfh{g u/ ] sf 5g\ eg] ljsf; a} +ssf nufglstf{n] ^ k ltztn] gfkmf cfh{g u/ ] sf 5g\. ;a}egbf w] /} a9\g] sdkgldf kf]v/f kmfogfg;, ;] G6«n kmfogfg;, cfo;l Pkm;L kmfogfg;, >L OGe] : 6d] G6 kmfogfg;, u'8ljn gof klqsf sf7df8f} h]7 ;fdflhs ;'/ Iff sf] ifdf cfa4 ;+ul7t ;+:yfx n] vntl l8lh6n jfn] 6dfkm{t ;Lw} / sd hddf ug{ ;Sg] epsf 5g\. vntln] g]kfndf ul/g] x/ ]s e'qmfglnfo{ l8lh6nfoh ug] { p2]zon] pqm ;]jf ;~rfngdf NofPsf] xf]. vntlsf ;xfos k agws hf]gfd e't] {n / sf]ifsf sfo{sf/l lgb] {zs slkndl0f 1jfnLn] ;Demf}tfdf x:tfif/ u/ ]sf] hgfopsf] 5. ;Demf} tfcg';f/ ;fdflhs ;'/Iff sf]ifdf ;/sf/l / k foe]6 sfof{nodf sfo{/t b'j} lsl;dsf sd{rf/ln] cfkm\ gf] dfl;s cfdbfglaf6 lglzrt / sd vntl jfn] 6af6 ;lhn} e'qmfgl ug{ ;Sg] hgfopsf] 5. /sd x/ ]s dlxgfsf]!% ut]leq e'qmfgl ul/ ;Sg'kg]{ hgfopsf] 5. sf]ifdf ltg' {kg]{ /sd glt/ ]sf] cj:yfdf s'g} sd{rf/ln] cfkm\ gf] sf]ifsf] /sd bfal u/ ]df ;+u7gnfo{ lglzrt / sd hl/ jfgf nfug] sf]ifn] hgfpsf] 5. vntl l8lh6n jfn] 6sf ;xfos k agws e't] {nn] eg], vntln] ;fdflhs ;'/Iff sf]ifdf cfa4 ;+:yfx n] 3/d} a;l ;lhn} / sd e'qmfgl ug{ ;Sg] ;'ljwf NofPsfn] of] ;]jfn] dflg;x sf] e'qmfgl k lqmofnfo{ ;/ n / ;xl agfpg yk 6] jf k'ug] ljzjf; lnpsf] 5'.Ú sf]ifsf sfo{sf/l lgb] {zs 1jfnLn] ;fdflhs ;'/Iff sf]ifsf] /sd ;+sng ug] { ;Gbe{df vntl;u ctogt 5f] 6f] ;dodf ul/psf] ;xsfo{n] ;txq/} lhnnfdf 5l/P/ /x]sf sd{rf/lnfo{ rf}la;} 3G6f /sd hddf ug{] ;'ljwf pknaw epsf] atfp. vntl l8lh6n jfn]6sf]!& nfvegbf a9l k of] ustf{ /x]sf] hgfopsf] 5. o;sf] k of]u u/ L ^) egbf a9l a} +sx df k} ;f k7fpg ;lsg] ;fy} df]afon l/rfh{, lah'nl, kfgl, OG6/g]6 11M00 12M00 13M00 14M00 15M00 kmfogfg;, hfgsl kmfogfg;, u'x] Zj/ L dr] {G6 a} +s PG8 kmfogfg;, uf]vf{ kmfogfg;sf] ;]o/!) k ltztn] ;ls{6 d"nodf sf/ f] af/ x'bf ol sdkglsf nufglstf{n] ;a}egbf w] / } gfkmf cfh{g u/ ] sf 5g\. o; lbg ;a} egbf w] / } gfkmf cfh{g ug] { kmfogfg; sdkgldf uf] vf{ kmfogfg; sdkgl /x]sf] 5. sdkglsf] ;]o/ d"no! ;o %?k} ofn] a9] / k lt;] o/ d"no! xhf/! ;o ^)?k} of k'u] sf] 5. To: t}, ljsf; a} +stkm{ sfdgf ;] jf ljsf; a} +s, ;f+lu nf 8]enkd]G6 a} +ssf nufglstf{n] /fd f] gfkmf cfh{g ug{ ;kmn epsf 5g\. ;f] daf/ a9l 36\g] sdkglx df nidl a+}s, gf/fo0fl ljsf; a} +s, ;g\/foh a} +}s, s'df/l a} +s /x]sf 5g\. ol a} +ssf] ;]o/ d"no # k ltztn] 36] kl5 nufglstf{ lg/ fz ag] sf 5g\. lwtf]kq / C0fkq u/l sf/f]af/df sdkglsf] # s/ f] 8 %$ nfv lsqf ;] o/ lsga] r x'bf!% ca{ *! s/f]8 *^ nfv?k}ofsf] sf/f]af/ epsf] 5. o; lbg ;a}egbf w] / } sf/f]af/ g]kfn l/ O:of] / ]G; sdkglsf] epsf] 5. sdkglsf] s/f]8!& nfv?k}ofsf] sf/f]af/ epsf] 5. bf] ; f]df g]kfn OGk mf:6«sr/ a} +ssf] $^ s/f]8 nfv?k}ofsf] sf/f]af/ epsf] 5 eg] g] ;gn xfo8«f]kfj/ sdkglsf] $# s/f]8 %^ nfv?k}ofsf] sf/f]af/ epsf] 5. vntl jfn] 6af6 ;fdflhs ;'/ Iff sf] ifdf e'qmfgl ug{ ;lsg] lxdfnl lhnnf ;f]n'df wfg /f]kfo ;'? ;f]n'v'da' lxdfnl lhnnf ;f]n'v'da'sf s[ifsn] wfg /f]kfo ;'? u/]sf 5g\. lgoldt kdf jiff{ ep;u} sf]/f]gf ;+qmd0fsf] qf;alr klg lhnnfsf] tnnf] If]qdf /f]kfo ;'? epsf] xf]. g]rf;nofg ufpkflnsfsf] dflynnf] If]q kfvfv]tdf /f]kfo ;'? epsf] :yfglo wgs'df/ 9'+u] nn] atfp. kfgl k/];u} d'xfgdf kfglsf] dfqf a9]sfn] /f]kfo ;'? u/]sf] s[ifs jl/axfb'/ v8\ sfsf] egfo 5. lhnnfsf]! xhf/ % x]s6/ If]qkmn wfg ptkfbg x'g] u/]sf] s[lif 1fgs]Gb ;f] n'v'da'sf] tyof+s /x]sf] 5. xfn ;f]n'v'da'sf g]rf ;Nofg, ltª\nf, kgrg, h'a', d'snl, ;f] tfª, dxfs'n'ª / dfko b"wsf];l ufpkflnsfsf ljlegg 7fpdf wfg ptkfbg x'b} cfpsf] tyf l8l6prsf] lan e'qmfgl ug{ ;lsg] hgfopsf] 5. To: t}, lkmnd, Kn]g, Oe]G6\;sf] l6s6 vl/ b, xf] 6] n?d a'lsª ug] {, O sd;{dfkm{t lslgpsf] ;fdfgsf] e'qmfgl ug] {, b} lgs klqsfx sf] u fxs z'ns ltg] {, ;/ sf/ L s/ tyf ;]jf z'ns ltg] {h:tf w] / } ;] jfx lng ;lsg] vntln] hgfpsf] 5. PgPdla a} +ssf] ;fosn / ljb'tlo ;jf/ L shf{ of] hgf sf7df8f} + PgPdla a} +sn] ljzj jftfj/0f lbj;sf] cj;/ kf/ ]/ ;fosn / ljb'tlo ;jf/ L shf{ of] hgf NofPsf] 5. a} +sn] dfpg6] g afos vl/ b ug{ rfxg] u fxs / ljb'tlo ;jf/ L vl/ b ug{ rfxg] u fxsnfo{ km/s km/s of]hgf NofPsf] xf]. a} +sn] cfkm\gf] qm] l86 sf8{ jf PgPdla ;'ne ls: tf of] hgfcgtu{t c;f/ d;fgt;dddf ljb'tlo ;jf/ Lsf] a's jf vl/ b ubf{ a] ; /] 6d} shf{ k bfg ug] { hgfpsf] 5. o;sf ;fy} *) k ltzt;dd kmfogflg;ª, & jif{ shf{ cjlw, k zf;lgs z'nsdf k ltzt 5'6sf] ckm/ NofPsf] hgfopsf] 5. a} +sn] dfpg6]g afos ljqm]tf;u ;Demf}tf u/l h'g dlxgfel/ z"go k ltzt Aofhb/sf] OPdcfO{df z"go ;b: otf z'ns / jflif{s z'nsd} ;fosn a's jf vl/ b ug{ ;lsg] of] hgf NofPsf] hgfpsf] 5. o;cgtu{t PgPdlasf u fxsn] Plks dfpg6] g afos emld;v] n, u fle6l g] kfn emld;v] n, lxdfnog l;+un 6«]s 7d]n, sf7df8f} + afos :6];g kfglkf]v/l, ;fosn NofG8, sf8df8f} +af6 dfpg6] g afosx PgPdla ;'ne ls: tf of] dlxgf;ddsf] ;/ n ls: tfagbldf vl/ b ug{ ;Sg] hgfopsf] 5. xfnsf] kl/l:ylt / ;/sf/n] hf/l u/ ]sf] ;'/Iffsf] dfkb08;u} cl3 a9\g] ] p2] Zosf ;fy pqm of] hgf cl3 ;fl/ Psf] a} +ssf] bfal 5. jftfj/ 0fLo ;+/ If0f / u fxssf] cfjzostfnfo{ ;3fp k' ofpg] sfo{nfo{ k j {g ug{ a} +sn] ] gof ;'ljwfx k : t't u/ ] sf] hgfpsf] 5. a} +sn] xfn b] zel/! ;o *! zfvf,! ;o #& Pl6Pd, ( PS;6] G;g sfpg6/ dfkm{t ;] jf lbb} cfpsf] hgfpsf] 5. snof0fk'/ gu/kflnsfnfo{ df5fk'r5«]sf] ;xof]u gof klqsf sf7df8f} h]7 df5fk' 'R5«] a}+s lnld6]8n] l;/fxfsf] snof0fk'/ gu/kflnsfnfo{ ljlegg :jf:yo ;fdu L x:tfgt/0f u/ ]sf] 5. ;+:yfut ;fdflhs pq/bflotjcgtu{t a}+ssf cwoif 8f= jl/ ]Gb k ;fb dxtf]n] :jf:yo ;fdu L snof0fk' '/ gu/kflnsfsf sfo{afxs d]o/ /f]lx0fls'df/l ofbjnfo{ x:tfgt/0f u/ ]sf x'g\. a}+sn] gu/kflnsfdf b]lvpsf] sf] /f]gf hf]lvd Go"gLs/ 0f tyf ;+qmldtsf] pkrf/ sf nflu lgdf{0f ul/ Psf] cfo;f]n] ;g ;]G6/sf nflu cfjzos :jf:yo ;fdu L ;xof]u u/ ]sf] hgfpsf] 5. ;xof]u ul/ Psf ;fdu Ldf cls;hg sg;g6«]6/, yd{n ug, :oflg6foh/ l8:k]g;/, cls;ld6/, ;lh{sn df:snufot /x]sf] a}+sn] hgfpsf] 5. a} +sn] cfkm\gf] ;+:yfut ;fdflhs pq/bflotjcgtu{t ut jif{b]lv dxfdf/lsf kdf km}lnb} upsf] sf]/f]gf efo/ ;sf] hf]lvd Go"gLs/ 0f tyf ;+qmldtsf] pkrf/df /fxt k'uf] ;\ egg] p2]zosf ;fy g]kfn ;/sf/, k b]z ;/sf/ tyf :yfglo ;+3 ;+: yfnfo{ ljlegg ;dodf ljlegg ;xof]u ub} { cfpsf] hgfpsf] 5.

8 8 h]7 )&* k of]u u/ sf] /f]gflj?4 ;r]tgf sf] ] df:s / l6:o' )^# ^$, d=if] =x'=lg=b=g=!& )^( )&) ;Kt/ +u k]k/ hyfefjl gkm\ofsf} stf/ ljzjsk v]ng] g]kfnsf] ;kgf ;dfkt hf] 8{glj?4 ;f] daf/ / flt epsf] v] ndf k/ flht epkl5 csf{] jif{ stf/ df cfof] hgf x'g] ljzjsk v]ng] g]kfnsf] ;kgf bf] ; f] r/0fsf] 5gf]6d} 6'+luof], Pl;ogsksf] ;Defjgf eg] cem} hlljt blk]gb u'?ª csf{] jif{ stf/ df cfof] hgf x'g] lkmkmf ljzjsk v] Ng] g] kfnsf] ;kgf k"0f{ kdf ;dfkt epsf] 5. ;f] daf/ epsf] v]ndf hf]8{g;u # ) uf]nn] k/flht ep;u} g]kfnsf] stf/ ljzjsk ;kgf bf] ; f] r/0fsf] 5gf]6d} 6'+luPsf] xf]. g]kfnnfo{ t] ; f] r/0fsf] 5gf]6df :yfg ;'/lift ub{} stf/ ljzjsk v] Ng hf] 8{glj?4sf] v] ndf lht ctofjzos lyof]. oblk, v]nsf] ;'?jftaf6} /IffTds b]lvpsf] g] kfnn] cfkm"nfo{ cfjzos glthf lgsfng ;s] g. bf] ; f] r/0fsf] 5gf]6sf cf7 ;d"xsf] ljh]tf Ps Ps / bf] ; f] :yfgdf /x]sfdwo] pts[i6 rf/ 6f]nL stf/ ljzjsksf] t] ; f] r/0fsf] 5gf]6 k ltof]lutfdf k'ug] Joj:yf 5. 5gf]6sf ;'?jftl k fom v]ndf k/fho Joxf] / ]sf] g]kfnsf] t] ; f] r/0f k j]z ug{] ;Defjgf ul0ftlo kdf dfq} afsl lyof]. hf] 8{g;usf] k/ fhokl5 ToxL ul0ftlo ;Defjgf klg ;dfkt epsf] xf]. o;;u} g]kfn ljzjsk 5gf]6 Oltxf;df km]l/ klg bf] ; f] r/ 0f kf/ ug{ c;kmn b] lvpsf] 5. g] kfnn] o;cl3 & j6f ljzjsksf] 5gf] 6 k ltof] lutfdf ;xeful x'bf ^ k6s klxnf] r/ 0faf6} aflxl/ Psf] lyof]. df a flhndf epsf] ljzjsksf] 5gf]6df eg] klxnf] r/0f kf/ u/ ]sf] g]kfn bf] ; f] r/0fegbf cl3 a9\g ;s]g. g]kfnn] o;k6s j/lotfsf cfwf/df ;Lw} bf] ; f] r/0fdf k lt:kwf{ hf] 8{gsf df] xddb cnbd] / L;u ansf nflu k lt: kwf{ ub} { dglif 8fuL. xf8\8f8sf] qm;df ohfg cnc/an] x]l8ª u/ ]sf] an e'odf 8«k ep/ uf]n/ifs ls/0f r]dhf] ªnfO{ ;d]t gf3] / uf]ndf kl/ 0ft epsf] lyof]. zf/ Ll/ s / k fljlws kdf klg alnof] b]lvpsf] hf]8{gn] g]kfnsf] kf] :6df c w]/ } cfqmd0f u/ ]sf] lyof]. p;sf w} / } pts[i6 k xf/df g]kfnl uf]n/ifs ls/0f afws ag]. v]nsf]!%cf} ldg]6df hf]8{gsf df} ;f df]xddbn] of8{ b"/laf6 u/ ]sf] ;zqm k xf/nfo{ uf]n/ifs ls/0fn] pts[i6 arfp u/ ]sf lyp. o:t}, v]nsf] ldg]6df hf]8{gn] csf{] ;zqm cfqmd0f u/ ]sf] lyof]. clnofb cf]njfgn] qm; u/ ]sf] annfo{ df} ;f df] xddbn] l;s; of8{ as;leqaf6 k ml x] l8ªsf] cj;/ kfpsf lyp. pgsf] k xf/ nfo{ klg uf]n/ifs ls/0fn] pts[i6 arfp u/ ]. v]nsf] %*cf} ldg]6df g]kfnn] Pp6f /fd f] cj;/ v] / kmfnof]. 8L as;leq hf] 8{gsf / Ifsx ;d] t la6 eo;s] sf] cj: yfdf k fkt annfo{ gjo'u >] i7n] lng ;s] gg\. hf] 8{gsf uf] n/ Ifs d'tfh ofl;g;u jfg e;{] ; jfgsf] cj: yfdf k'ug'cl3 g} gjo'un] an cfkm\gf] lgogq0faf6 km'tsfp. g] kfnn] v] ndf kfpsf] ToxL Pp6f /fd f] cj;/ lyof]. hf]8{glj?4 k lzifs cab'nnfx cnd'tfo/ln] cl3nnf] v] naf6 tlg v] nf8lnfo{ kl/ jt{g u/ ] sf lyp. rfolgh tfok]o{lj?4 klxnf] /f]hfod} d}bfgdf plqpsf /Ifs uf}td >] i7, ld8lkmn8/ ;'gln an / : 6«fOs/ cflzz nfdfsf] ef/ tdf afnaflnsfdfly sf] EoflS;g k/ LIf0f ;'? goflbnnl ef/tsf] goflbnnll:yt clvn ef/tlo d]l8sn ;fog;]h -PD;_n] afnaflnsfsf] k of]usf nflu sf]le8!( lj?4sf] vf]k sf]eofls;gsf] lsnlgsn k/lif0fsf] ;'? u/ ]sf] 5. c:ktfnsf clwsf/lx n] vf]k k/lif0f ;f]daf/af6 ;'? u/ ]sf] hgfpsf 5g\. k/ LIf0f b'o{b] lv!* jif{ pd] / sf afnaflnsfdfly ;'? ul/ Psf] xf]. PD;sf Ps clwsf/ Ln] eg], k/lif0fdf ;xefulx sf] l/kf]6{ k fkt epkl5 afnaflnsfnfo{ of] vf] k lbg pko'qm dflgpdf vf] k lbog]5.ú ef/tsf] cf}iflw lgofds ;+:yfn] ut dlxgf b'o{b] lv!* jif{ pd] / ;d"xdf sf] EoflS;gsf] bf] ; f] / t] ; f] r/0fsf] lsnlgsn k/lif0f ug{ cg'dlt k bfg u/ ]sf] lyof]. sf] EoflS;g arrfx sf nflu pko'qm 5 ls 5} g eg] / x]g{ ef/tsf] k"jl{ /fho laxf/sf] k6gfdf /x]sf] PD; c: ktfndf arrfx dfly klxn] g} k/ LIf0f ;'? ul/ ;lspsf] 5. ug{] cj;/ kfpsf] lyof]. ljzjsk 5gf] 6af6 aflxl/ P klg ;g\ df rlgn] cfof]hgf ug{] Pl;ogsksf] t] ; f] r/0fsf] 5gf]6df k'ug] g] kfnsf] ;Defjgf eg] cem} afsl 5. s'j] tsf] hfa/ cn cxdfb OG6/g] ;gn :6]l8od epsf] v]ndf g]kfn ;'?jftaf6} bafadf b]lvof]. kmn:j k g]kfn v]nsf] cf} ldg]6af6 uf]n Joxf]g{ k'uof]. /Ifs /f]lxt rgbn] df} ;f df]xddb ;'n]odfgnfo{ cfkm\ gf] as;leq n8fpkl5 dn] l;og / ] k ml df] xddb cld?n Ohjfgn] hf] 8{gnfO{ k] gfn6l cj;/ lbp. h;nfo{ ;b'kof] u ub{} afxf km} hn ;] Okmn] hf] 8{gnfO{! ) n] cl3 a9fp. afxf km}hnsf] k xf/nfo{ g]kfnl uf]n/ifs ls/0fn] ;xl 7DofPsf lyp. oblk, afxf km} hnsf] ;zqm k xf/ ls/ 0fsf] xftegbf dflyaf6 hfnl r'dg k'uof]. g]kfnn] v]nsf] $(cf} ldg]6df csf{] uf]n Joxf] of]. o;k6s klg afxf km} hnn] g} uf] n u/ ]. of8{ b"/laf6 pgn] k xf/ u/ ]sf] lk mlss ;Lw} uf]ndf kl/0ft epsf] lyof]. o;k6s klg pgsf] k xf/ g] kfnl uf] n/ Ifs ls/ 0fsf] 6fpsf] dflyaf6 hfnl r'dg k'u] sf] lyof]. v]nsf] ^&cf} ldg]6df g]kfnn] t] ; f] uf]n a]xf] of]. O;fg c+s tflnsf l6d v]n lht a/fa/l xf/ u/ ]sf] uf]n Joxf] / ]sf] uf]n uf]ncgt/ c+s c:6] «lnof % % ) )!(!!*!% hf]8{g ^ s'j]t ^ ^!!!) g]kfn ) % $!(!% ^ rfolgh tfok]o{ ^ ) @% ) :yfgdf k lzifs cab'nnfxn] /Ifsåo lbg]z /fhj+zl, ljsf; vjf; / :6«fOs/ cleif]s l/hfnnfo{ cj;/ lbpsf lyp. k lzifs cnd'tfo/ Ln] ld8lkmn8df / Ifs ;'dg cof{nnfo{ v] nfpsf lyp. gof k sfzg k f=ln=åf/f k sflzt tyf d'lb t. sfo{sf/ L lgb{ ]zs M ;'zln yfkf. ;Dkfbs M pd]z rf}xfg. cwoif, k agw lgb{ ]zs tyf k wfg;dkfbs M s[i0fhjfnf b]jsf]6f. sfof{no M :6f/dn, k'tnl;8s, sf7df8f} +, kmf]g g+= ^^^ km\ofs; g+ +